Cyclooctatetraene reacts readily with potassium metal as shown in the equation below to form an anion. Potassium chloride can also be used as a treatment for hypokalemia. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Available as tablets, a powder, and in granulated and liquid form. Uses This medication is a mineral supplement used to treat or prevent low amounts of potassium in the blood. The following side effects may be experienced when taking KCl pills: Let's talk a little bit about hyperkalemia, which is the condition when the amount of potassium in your blood is higher than normal. If you do, then you've probably gone to the store to buy fertilizer. Here, we can see that KCl consists of a positive ion (K+) and a negative ion (Cl-). study Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Another beaker holds a solution of 0.675M potassium Iodide. Some salt substitutes or low-salt dietary products also contain potassium - be careful how much of these you eat. Bottom Line. Contact your doctor straight away if you experience confusion, anxiety, extreme thirst or increased urination, numbness, black or bloody stools, cough up blood, or vomit up black flecks. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. succeed. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Subscribe to newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Potassium chloride can also be used as a treatment for hypokalemia. One beaker holds a solution that contains 0.700 moles of lead(II) nitrate dissolved in 355.0 mL of solution. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Take with a full glass of water. Visit the Pathophysiology: Help and Review page to learn more. Potassium chloride (also known as KCl or potassium salt) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine. just create an account. Potassium chloride tablets are used to prevent and treat low blood levels of potassium (this is also called hypokalemia). There are people who suffer from potassium deficiency in the blood, a condition known as hypokalemia. Copyright 1996-2020 The concentrated version should be diluted before use. - Structure, Uses & Formula, The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution, What is Sulfate? It's got around 50% potassium (K) and 46% of chlorine (Cl). While it is bad to have low potassium levels in our blood, it is also affects us negatively if potassium levels are too high. provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Salts are ionic compounds consisting of positive and negative ions. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. In some foods like soups, sauces, cereal, and sports drinks, it's used instead of salt to provide our bodies with potassium. Potassium levels can be low as a result of a disease or from taking certain medicines, or after a prolonged illness with diarrhea or vomiting. Potassium chloride systemic 8 mEq (600 mg) (COPLEY 225). This can even lead to a heart attack. May not be suitable for some people including those with kidney failure, Addison's disease, severe burns, or severe wounds. It's even used as a flavor enhancer in chocolate milk, cheese, and cream. Medicines that interact with potassium chloride may either decrease its effect, affect how long it works for, increase side effects, or have less of an effect when taken with potassium chloride. - Formula & Reactions, What is Potassium Permanganate? How is potassium chloride extracted from Carnallite? has thousands of articles about every Potassium chloride is a simple compound, but it affects many areas of our lives like our health, food and even our environment. Log in here for access. Speak to your doctor about how drug interactions should be managed. Potassium chloride naturally occurs as a white or colorless solid that has a powdery, crystalline appearance. You can test out of the Last updated on Dec 28, 2019. As mentioned earlier, we need the right amount of potassium in our bodies to function. Is potassium chloride a dangerous chemical? Some side effects of taking potassium chloride pills are allergic reactions, gastric problems, nausea, and discomfort in legs. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Write the formula for potassium chloride. Create your account. All rights reserved. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. An alternative to using salt, some people use potassium chloride to give their food an extra kick of flavor. Services. KCl is used as a fertilizer, in medicine, in scientific applications, and in food processing, where it may be known as E number additive E508. Its chemical formula is KCl: it consists of one potassium (K+) ion and one chlorine (Cl-) ion. An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of the medications; however, sometimes it does. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Important Proteins and Their Flux in the Blood and Urine, Potassium Bromide: Formula & Side Effects, Biological and Biomedical Potassium chloride tablets replace potassium in your body. Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use potassium chloride only for the indication prescribed. Your doctor may require you to come in for regular blood tests to make sure your potassium chloride tablets are adequately replacing your blood levels of potassium. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember, but if you don't remember until the next day, do not take a double-dose. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. A normal level of potassium in the blood is important. imaginable degree, area of Tablets start disintegrating within a few minutes; however, potassium chloride tablets are released slowly over several hours which reduces the risk of stomach irritation. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. It is odorless and has a white or colorless vitreous crystal appearance. © copyright 2003-2020 The solid dissolves readily in water, and its solutions have a salt-like taste. Create an account to start this course today. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal People who have hypokalemia take potassium chloride pills to increase their potassium levels. Potassium chloride can be obtained from ancient dried lake deposits. The K atom will lose one electron and acquire a positive charge, so it will become a positive ion with a charge of +1, written as K+. Potassium chloride is an ionic compound because it is a compound of a metal and a nonmetal element. Revised 11/2019. Its chemical formula is KCl, consists of one potassium (K) atom and one chlorine (Cl) atom. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Allergic reactions (rash, itching, difficulty breathing), Discomfort in the legs (may feel weak or heavy), Nausea or vomiting/stomach pain or diarrhea, May become extremely thirsty or may urinate a lot. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Some foods (such as squash, spinach, lentils, kidney beans, orange juice, bananas) are also high in potassium. Another common use for potassium chloride is that of a food additive. Available for Android and iOS devices. - Definition, Structure & Formula, Copper II Oxide: Formula, Properties & Structure, Monatomic Ions: Definition & Naming Convention, Unsaturated Hydrocarbon: Definition & Examples, Nitrogen Oxides: Sources, Reactions & Equations, Sodium Hypochlorite: Structure, Uses & Formula, What is Sodium Bicarbonate? Only take if your doctor has prescribed potassium chloride. Low blood potassium may occur due to vomiting, diarrhea, or certain medications. Let's take a look at some common uses of potassium chloride. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. It may … Not sure what college you want to attend yet? | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. potassium sparing diuretics, such as spironolactone. courses that prepare you to earn It was referred to as the Super-K dry chemical and was known to be more effective when compared to sodium bicarbonate-based dry chemicals for this purpose. Diarrhea, stomach pain, muscle weakness, numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or mouth, uneven heartbeat. Tablets are designed to release potassium slowly over a period of time. Potassium chloride is a naturally occurring salt made of one potassium ion and one chlorine ion.

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