The study critically analyzes journal articles and other relevant credible to get an in- depth information of reinforcement theory in workplace setting. Based on the work of B. F. Skinner, operant conditioning is based on a simple “law of effect” meaning that behaviour is a function of its consequences. Thus, according to Skinner, the external environment of the organization must be designed effectively and positively so as to motivate the employee. The reinforcement theory suggests that managers should try to structure the contingencies of rewards and punishments on the job in such a way that the consequences of effective job behavior are positive while the consequences of ineffective work behavior are negative or unpleasant. Reinforcement Theory of motivation aims at achieving the desired level of motivation among the employees by means of reinforcement, punishment and extinction. It has been agreed Application of reinforcement theory in the workplace Skinner’s principles of behavior modification informed that behavior is determined by its consequences. In this article, positive reinforcement and related terms are defined; statistics supporting the benefits of positive reinforcement in the workplace are presented; and numerous examples of effective workplace rewards are provided. Reinforcement theory of motivation overlooks the internal state of individual, i.e., the inner feelings and drives of individuals are ignored by Skinner. Punishment acts as a deterrent to undesirable behaviors of the employees. Positive reinforcement resulted in increasing self- esteem of employees and creates a better workplace environment. In Conversation with Skinner (1973), he mentions that it is … Skinner’s principles of behavior modification informed that behavior is determined by its consequences. The consequences of a given behaviour … Extinction refers to diminishing the probability of undesirable … It has been agreed . This theory focuses totally on what happens to an individual when he takes some action. This theory is a strong … Reinforcement theory suggests that behaviour or job performance is not a function of internal state of mind (such as needs), feelings, emotions or perceptions but is keyed to the nature of the outcome of such behaviour. that is why it is also … On the contrary, negative reinforcement in comparison to the positive reinforcement precedes the unpleasant response and as a result of … Application of reinforcement theory in the workplace . Reinforcement approach, which can be both positive and negative, is used to reinforce the desired behavior. The Reinforcement Theory is one of the oldest theories of motivation which describe behavior and how we act. Of course, Skinner’s operant conditioning theory is also described, as well as the most effective methods for delivering positive reinforcement techniques in the workplace. Application of Reinforcement Theory in the Workplace. When describing his principles of behavior modification, Skinner simply states, “Behavior is determined by its consequences.” T op managers agree that there are numerous issues that can be helped using applied psychology techniques in the working environment (Dowling, 1973). The focus of this approach is upon changing or modifying the behavior of people on the job.

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