3 0 obj stream (����]|�����I!�4ҜAy�2C��Qj�e�H�:�0(����ƻ��Y�e� �O%�w*"�S�M 'DSQ�B���vX�fӼ� [��E|������a"�S��J}V9��1G���kg�p@>g��~W�I6���{�ON]�����K��e���Z�7o���uV��0�����^3R����ǿ�Mю�&>gW3�&�AU�{{��Ŏ��e�-n0piK�I1~xv^L�9���Y5����8��WX6�t��W�G�u6.�G�V8��׾������P7����8';��t�?��.j���⦮��GR �_|TY���rX���*�X���h���޿Φ��Z�[W���ip���q3c�k}ӣ�zvaLB�O�@.� p L +�M���(���F�1�r_g��v��m���b8��G?��k�# |�2ԅo_GS�o��uP�߮O���o ���6lr7��ݸa~�� <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> %%EOF ڂ����I��7��r����ر �vț�.y�npi���(5��?�Q-]�2�T@u�ʆ��*�-y��X߆^�F��X�^�N6�^9���_��U�lg���]��-{�Y�ߕ���� ����}"{u���l�� ؕ+����ԕ�Z�n \�#W�d�˒�>��㶼m&���7�l�p�7������]��?袴\v�B�J��$ �����,���n�YC�JO��܄l)nQo=n�����M�-`x`4v]���筃-\.��e������O �+��=����=����S��U"�M[���D�!j9G-�jj[�I*�p��/�>4x=(�9��PK��{'�ǿ�2(&��m��6se��6[�i�ti*���>�� ��i�����'�����:�lU.��g4������!���W�o{���}�.>�0ى}ڨo�k� /����lA�c����o�_���K!��z�0����&L��K�y¾y���0�-}�q6Bx�6�-����g��a�� �Qg8q�.�|�ž���/. Other studies (Maritim, 2016; Wei & Yazdanifard, 2014) also reflect a significant contribution of positive reinforcement in changing attitude, SNs and PBC at the workplace. 2 0 obj �x ��V0P:��a{P��;�IC��c�6���0�)N��f`�"��L����Z��Y�9����5:����^�^�����YH320�^d ����H�20J6B�� �, 1 0 obj He believed that positive reinforcement was more effective than punishment when trying to change and establish behaviors. Skinner's work has influenced the field of education, as well as the field of psychology. <>>> endobj <> endstream endobj 126 0 obj <>/Metadata 11 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 123 0 R/StructTreeRoot 33 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 127 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 128 0 obj <>stream Positive reinforcement is a technique to elicit and to strengthen new behaviors by adding rewards and incen-tives instead of eliminating benefits [2]. Positive Reinforcement . 143 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<7D109CAAFEA1D24BB8FCECC980F4E9C4>]/Index[125 41]/Info 124 0 R/Length 89/Prev 72614/Root 126 0 R/Size 166/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream These IV. The findings generally imply that the employees responded well to positive reinforcement at their workplace and it must, therefore, be taken into account when contemplating motivational strategies in an organization. forcement theory, specifically in positive reinforcement. )#RH9QZ@*HB1��� TP`�S��D�L)C��Xl��)Q��UM��r�Q"I�'ZA9�Z3ԑ�G��]����٤��W��][>�|�w�p��{�t�O㏄�~�>. weh����a9D ��M�}�\]������56b��5�a{��C޲��Z�>��"�ݼ��v ��}�.��>k��z ��cj]�^|�5�v^�H�ư/~�����Lp����5�n͢�]_�z�E=�"�yy �Z�쒘��$2$1,��=4��mH� �D�RO_�7��l���ܕ?,wq�ܵ�4 �=�� h�Ԙ{o�6��Q�πk$�)E�$k��q��j��Z[ 2. lI�����Q�Lɯ�E1Ɓy_�#ɤ$�0�W�h'�p�� ��A��AMQ"E <> 1�\��W�SQOv��LO��>�`ܮ��{���*�����7�j���d���LM�����o�>���p3��kJ�Đ����,�p�2�+���l�֤cs}{Z��r}�\_]vj�7[�Z��"�> ?�0U�����Z��ח�)jU�6��Z����Yq��۲k/\���i����H4��Zt9�ʺ��e�I�KS�}����ܺA.�_Y�,��}�,���l��~@p����~��;fV���]YHۿ��Y���ϱ�R��2�K��6�4#6�پm)/$���hY�)��k�. h�bbd``b`:$[A� �~�����K2�Ube�X�@�Rq$&R�$���Dx�`��BL�< .#�����o �D endobj It can be applied in workplace through fringe benefit, promotion chances and pay. endobj A way to motivate it is through the application of reinforcement theory which is developed by B. F. Skinner. h�b```��� ���� %PDF-1.5 0 x��=ے۶���?�iK:e��V�U��9N69�ػ9U�y�5��u�H�q&���n4.� )9����Fqit7�����~q����W_=������������?�|����o�~�ج_�(^�y]��������T����QT�?QYVR�4e�WO�T� ||���ϓw�Y=�۴�|���vs��v�u���Ԥ� %���� One of the most commonly used methods is positive reinforcement in which one’s behavior is strengthened or increased based on consequences. 4 0 obj : Positive reinforcement does not significantly influence employee motivation at the Nakuru County Government. 165 0 obj <>stream %PDF-1.5 %���� Each employee’s performance is important in an organization. 125 0 obj <> endobj Through his work, Skinner identified five main obstacles to learning. endstream endobj startxref

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