Additionally Sandberg Guitars is based in Braunschweig. It houses a collection of masters of Western art, including Dürer, Giorgione, Cranach, Holbein, Van Dyck, Vermeer, Rubens, and Rembrandt. Liga. Preparation instructions. [21][22] On 10 November, the council proclaimed the Socialist Republic of Brunswick under one-party government by the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD); however, the subsequent Landtag election on 22 December 1918 was won by the Social Democratic Party of Germany (MSPD), and the USPD and MSPD formed a coalition government. Oscar Mayer Braunschweiger is made with quality ingredients and packed with flavor. The Braunschweig tramway network is an inexpensive and extensive 35 km (22 mi) long electric tramway system. The city's professional basketball team, the Basketball Löwen Braunschweig, plays in the Basketball Bundesliga, the highest level in Germany. With approximately 18,000 students, Braunschweig University of Technology is the third largest university in Lower Saxony. It offers information on working and living in the city, and provides information to companies looking to employ these people. Ironically, the city of Braunschweig was not ruled by the Hanoverians while its name was being given to other Brunswicks around the world. [citation needed] In this period, thousands of Eastern workers were brought to the city as forced labor,[35] and in the 1943–1945 period at least 360 children taken away from such workers died in the Entbindungsheim für Ostarbeiterinnen ("Maternity Ward for Eastern Workers").[36]. Supports skilled workers from other countries with getting started in Braunschweig. Braunschweig's major local newspaper is the Braunschweiger Zeitung, first published in 1946. [67][69] In 1884, the senior branch of the House of Welf became extinct. [12] In the 18th century Brunswick was not only a political, but also a cultural centre. The Allied air raid on October 15, 1944, destroyed most of the city's churches, and the Altstadt (old town), the largest homogeneous ensemble of half-timbered houses in Germany. In 1142, Henry the Lion of the House of Welf became duke of Saxony and made Braunschweig the capital of his state (which, from 1156 on, also included the Duchy of Bavaria). Under Henry's rule, the Cathedral of St. Blasius was built and he also had the statue of a lion, his heraldic animal, erected in front of the castle. Damen-Basketball-Bundesliga, the second tier of women's basketball in Germany. The Municipal Museum of Brunswick (Städtisches Museum Braunschweig), founded in 1861, is a museum for art and cultural history, documenting the history of the city of Braunschweig. [78] The defunct truck and bus manufacturer Büssing was headquartered in Braunschweig. [23] An uprising in Braunschweig in 1919, led by the communist Spartacus League, was defeated when Freikorps troops under Georg Ludwig Rudolf Maercker took over the city on order of the German Minister of Defence, Gustav Noske. Other traditional local dishes include white asparagus, Braunschweiger Lebkuchen, Braunkohl (a variant of kale served with Bregenwurst), and Uhlen un Apen (Low German for "Owls and Guenons", a pastry).[81][82]. The town's name, therefore, indicates an ideal resting place, as it lay by a ford across the Oker River. In Braunschweig you can enjoy the versatile offers of a historically-developed big city with the special charm of a vibrant city centre and green recreational oases. Two major breweries still produce in Braunschweig, the Hofbrauhaus Wolters, founded in 1627, and the former Feldschlößchen brewery, founded in 1871, now operated by Oettinger Beer. The Löwen's predecessor SG Braunschweig had previously played in the Bundesliga as well. You are searching for a café or restaurant? If you want to combine the best career opportunities with a high quality of life, Braunschweig is the perfect place for you. Eintracht Braunschweig won the German football championship in 1967, and currently plays in the 2. Burgplatz, with Castle, Cathedral, lion, and Town Hall. During the 19th and early 20th century the canning and railroad industries and the sugar production were of great importance for Braunschweig's economy,[77] but eventually other branches such as the automotive industry became more important, while especially the canning industry began to vanish from the city after the end of World War II. Braunschweig is the home of two piano companies, both known worldwide for the high quality of their instruments: Schimmel and Grotrian-Steinweg. It also had many breweries, and still a very peculiar kind of beer is made called Mumme, first quoted in 1390, a malt-extract that was shipped all over the world. [46] Today Braunschweig is among the twenty German cities found to be most attractive to young people between the ages of 25 and 34, leading to an influx of younger residents. Brunswick Lion, original on display in castle museum. [42], On 28 February 1974, as part of a district reform in Lower Saxony, the rural district of Braunschweig, which had surrounded the city, was disestablished. Today it is known for its University and research institutes, mainly the Johann Heinrich von Thuenen Institute, the Julius Kühn-Institut, and the Institute for Animal Food of the Friedrich Loeffler Institute, until the end of 2007 all part of the Federal Agricultural Research Centre, the German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, and the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Other parks and recreation areas are Stadtpark, Westpark, Theaterpark, Museumpark, Heidbergsee, Südsee, Ölpersee, the zoological garden Arche Noah Zoo Braunschweig and the nearby Essehof Zoo. Once opened, use within 7 days. [86], Braunschweiger TSC is among the leading competitive formation dance teams in the world and has won multiple World and European championship titles.[87]. In the aftermath of the July Revolution in 1830, in Brunswick duke Charles II was forced to abdicate. Here you can display restaurants on the city map and obtain additional information. [33], During the Second World War, Braunschweig was an Untergebiet Hauptquartier ("Sub-Area Headquarters") of Wehrkreis XI ("Military District XI"),[34] and was the garrison city of the 31st Infantry Division that took part in the invasions of Poland, Belgium, and France, largely being destroyed during its retreat following the invasion of Russia. [7] The city was first mentioned in documents from the St. Magni Church from 1031, which give the city's name as Brunesguik.[6]. [4] Braunschweig was named Germany's City of Science 2007 (German: Stadt der Wissenschaft 2007).[72]. The city of Braunschweig went to the senior branch of the house, the Wolfenbüttel line, while Lüneburg eventually ended up with the Hanover line. [75] The HBK is an institution of higher artistic and scientific education and offers the opportunity to study for interdisciplinary artistic and scientific qualifications. [32] With the Reichswerke Hermann Göring in Salzgitter and the Stadt des KdF-Wagens, as well as several factories in the city itself (including Büssing and the Volkswagenwerk Braunschweig), the Braunschweig region became one of the centres of the German arms industry. Eintracht Braunschweig also fields a successful women's field hockey team that claimed nine national championship titles between 1965 and 1978. [71] In 2014, the figure had risen to 7.7%, making Braunschweig retain its ranking as the most R&D-intensive region in Germany. [29] In Braunschweig, Nazis carried out several attacks on political enemies, with the acquiescence of the state government. [73] Since 2004, Braunschweig also has an International School. The game had been brought to Germany by the local school teacher Konrad Koch, also the first to write down a German version of the rules of football,[nb 1] who organized the first match between pupils from his school Martino-Katharineum in 1874. Braunschweig meets all requirements and fulfils all wishes of a convention location. 295 ft (90 m), Many other geographical locations around the world are named Brunswick, after the historical English name of Braunschweig. The House of Hanover was formally known as the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Hanover line. You literally make a sandwich. Many residents travel around town by bicycle using an extensive system of bicycle-only lanes. Braunschweiger Mettwurst, a soft, spreadable smoked pork sausage, is named after the city. )2006 (, Rudolph Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Botanischer Garten der Technischen Universität Braunschweig, List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany, German Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accident Investigation, German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Hochschule für Bildende Künste Braunschweig, Eastphalia University of Applied Sciences, Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany, Axel Freiherr von dem Bussche-Streithorst, Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region, "Regionales Energiekonzept für den Großraum Braunschweig", Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. 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