This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In fact, よい is the archaic word for good. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the negative form. Na-adjectives end in -na when they come before a noun and are conjugated using the copula -desu. However, instead of modifying another noun with a の (see the right for an example of a noun modifying another) - na adjectives … In the Kansai region, you may hear it pronounced as “ええ (ee).”. Na-adjectives are mostly words of Chinese origin, written as a compound of 2 kanji characters and read with the on-yomi, or the reading that was derived from Chinese pronunciation. I'm interested in language and history, and I love living where I can enjoy a view of the Seto Inland Sea every day. also: Max Streak. You can use i-adjectives either before a noun or at the end of a sentence. あの映画はよかった。 (Ano eiga wa yokatta)  –  That movie was good. Let’s look at some sample sentences for the past tense form. Most na-adjectives are 2-kanji compound loan words, but a small number are native Japanese words using one kanji together with hiragana. They are derived from classical Japanese forms but have the same root, and if you keep this in mind, it will help you remember that na-adjectives need to be followed by one or the other, depending on where they come in the sentence. *Note:   Although both meanings of the word have the same kanji, generally “clean” is written きれい/キレイ, while “pretty” is written 綺麗. Learn how your comment data is processed. To make the na-adjective negative form, change だ to じゃない, and change です to ではない. Learn More. Here are lists of common i-adjectives and na-adjectives. I-adjectives end in -i and are conjugated similarly to verbs. あのケーキは特別じゃなかった。 (Ano keeki wa tokubetsu ja nakatta)  –  That cake wasn’t special. この問題は簡単ではない。 (Kono mondai wa kantan dewa nai)  –  This problem isn’t easy. 彼女の車は新しかった。(Kanojo no kuruma wa atarashikatta)  –  Her car was new. Rachel:  無事でよかった! I’m so glad you’re okay! If you are just starting to learn Japanese, here is a fun, free quiz to practice your knowledge of basic Japanese adjectives. *Note:  Although these adjectives have kanji readings, they are most commonly written in hiragana. Although Japanese adjectives have functions to modify nouns like English adjectives, 彼の対応は丁寧ではかなった。 (Kare no taiou wa teinei dewa nakatta)  –  His response wasn’t polite. ~na marks this group of adjectives when they directly modify nouns (e.g. good luck, There are two types of adjectives in Japanese: i-adjectives Adjectives are words that are used to describe things. ~ desu for formal speech). Japanese -na な-Adjectives for Beginners Adjectives are split into two groups, - i adjectives and - na adjectives. *Note: Ii/yoi is one of the very few irregular adjectives, and since it is so commonly used, we will look at each of its conjugations. you might be tempted to translate as "today is convenient," but Japanese don't use benri with "today" like we do in English. Learn how to conjugate Japanese verbs and adjectives! 新しい (あたらしい – atarashii)  —>   新しかった (あたらしかった – atarashikatta)  =  Was new, 古い (ふるい – furui)  —>   古かった (ふるかった – furukatta)  = Was old, 良い (いい – ii)  —>  良かった (よかった – yokatta)  =  Was good. Show furigana above kanji. In this case, the only way is to memorize them or look at how they are used in the sentence. Practice over 25 different verb and adjective conjugations. To sum it up briefly, the positive present tense “ii” is used mainly when speaking, while “yoi” is more common in writing, and is considered more formal. You can easily identify i-adjectives because they end with い. Includes present tense, past tense, te form, and adverbs. 元気なこども Genki na kodomo An energetic child. This bread is delicious. Dominoes - adjectives Copy on to card and cut along bold lines. Current Streak. This is the polite form. Japanese adjectives are broadly divided into two categories: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. Although they might be used on their own in a very casual or slang context, this is not grammatically correct. 昨日は気分がよくなかった。 (Kinou wa kibun ga yokunakatta)  –  I didn’t feel well yesterday. These are called na-adjectives because Let’s look at some sample sentences for the past tense form: To make the na-adjective negative past tense form, change “だ” to “じゃなかった” and change “です to ではなかった.”. Na-adjectives end in -na when they come before a noun and are conjugated using the copula -desu. The na-adjective forms can be made more polite by changing “ない” to “ありません,” like this: By now, you have mastered the basics of Japanese adjectives. It derives Play in small groups. they also function as verbs when used as predicates. I-adjectives all end in ~ i, although they never end in ~ You may have studied this when learning to construct basic sentences, and if so, you will find it works the same way here. Press Enter/Return to continue: Options ⚙️ : Options. both i-adjectives and na-adjectives take the basic form, and precede nouns just To make the i-adjective negative past tense form, drop “い” and add “くなかった” to the adjective stem.

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