Life of Averroës, Muslim philosopher from Cordoba who sought to integrate Islam with Greek thought. 652: Muslim Invasion of Sicily begins. 1—5 are on … The Spread of Islam Timeline In the early seventh century, Muhammad, a merchant who lived in the city of Mecca, founded the religion of Islam. Muslim conquests following Muhammad's death led to the creation of the caliphates, occupying a vast geographical area; conversion to Islam was boosted by missionary activities, particularly those of imams, who intermingled with local populations to propagate the religious teachings. The second factor is economic. 674-78: First Siege of Constantinople, repelled with the invention and deployment of “Greek Fire.” 711-18: Muslim Conquest of Spain, which would not be reconquered completely by the Christians until 1492. The Muslim conquest of (Christian) North Africa went relatively easily until the native peoples of North Africa (most importantly the Berbers) were encountered west of Egypt. 3 Islamic conquest 4s 9 4 The battle of Jabiya-Yarmu 11k 3 5 Frontier zone between Byzantiu imn th ane Taurud Islasm Mountains 241 PLATES Contemporary allusions on Byzantine coins, Muslim imitations of Byzantine coins and reformed coinage: nos. The history of the spread of Islam spans about 1,500 years. The middle east rulers spread towards europe to spread the land of islam for power. 1193: Death of Saladin; most of Crusader states have returned to Islam. 1200s: Assassins wipes out by the Mongols. The unopposed capture of Alexandria by the Arabs completes the Muslim conquest of Egypt Go to Alexandria in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (2 rev ed.) 644-56-- 'Uthman as caliph: Continuation of the conquests in north and east Iran and North Africa. According to traditional accounts, the Muslim conquests (Arabic: الغزوات ‎, al-Ġazawāt or Arabic: الفتوحات الإسلامية ‎, al-Fatūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) also referred to as the Islamic conquests or Arab conquests, began with the Islamic prophet Muhammad. See this event in other timelines: Inter-tribal conflicts within the Islamic state over who will rule. Completion of the conquest of Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Mesopotamia and Persia. First, the ideological message of Islam itself triggered the Muslim ruling elite simply to follow Muhammad and his conquests; Islam had a divinely ordained mission to conquer in the name of Allah. The Islamic Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE), despite facing resistance and persecution, amassed a huge following and started building an empire.The tenets of this empire were to be humanitarian and its military might uncontestable. (The Early Islamic Conquests, Princeton UP, 1981, p. 270). 1174: Saladin declares himself sultan of Egypt and Syria. 'Umar is murdered in 644 by a Persian captive. 650-54: Muslim conquest of Cyprus. Islam arose as a religious and socio-political force in Arabia in the 7th century CE (610 CE onwards). 1171: Fatimid power ends in Egypt with the conquests of Saladin. Beginnings of Arab sea-power, directed against Byzantium. 717-18: Second Siege of Constantinople.

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