Hopefully, it will leave you with a clearer understanding of logic, both in the abstract, and that you can apply to everyday life. Most of the syllogisms that we have discussed are quite certain in their assertions. Describe what logic is and why it's important to know. The names formal and informal, however, imply a somewhat different meaning to a modern audience than is actually intended. Logic is primarily involved with the thought process behind determining whether something is true or not. By successfully completing this course, students will be able to: © Copyright 1999-2020 Universal Class™ All rights reserved. Demonstrate mastery of lesson content at levels of 70% or higher. Fundamentally, it is a form of writing out an argument in an abstract way, with the only relevant aspects of the equation being the hypotheses, the conclusion, and the relation between them. Logic falls into two broad categories: formal logic, and informal logic. In this lesson, the fallacies will have to stand on their own merit, as there is no discernible issue when these arguments are represented using variables. Take a moment and ask yourself what you think the word "logic" means. Is there something that all this discussion of logic has actually gotten us as a society, or is it all just more and more refined ways of defining and capturing thought experiments. The benefit of the study of logic cannot be exaggerated. Because thought processes are fundamentally abstract, logic is fundamentally based upon the language a concept is expressed in. What was the point of all this? Please check it out We will examine both formal and informal logic, differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning, and take a look at some of the more advanced schools of logic. However, I'm very disappointed that there are no video lectures at all. There are, in fact, two different "types" of paradoxes, or, although I might be imitating a certain Scotsman here, there is only one "true" type of paradox, and a false paradox, also known as falsidical. We will examine both formal and informal logic, differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning, and take a look at some of the more advanced schools of logic. While it may not seem like it, the concept of uncertainty is one that is fundamental to the idea of logic. Put as simply as possible, logic is the study of constructing and deconstructing an argument that something is true or false. Certainly, it's something to do with intelligence, they would say. Math All-In-One (Arithmetic, Algebra, and Geometry Review), Office 2019: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Outlook, Human Resources Productivity Course Bundle, Algebra 101: Beginner to Intermediate Level, Geometry 101: Beginner to Intermediate Level, International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET). This video covers identity statements and translations in predicate logic and the Identity (Id) rule in predicate logic natural deduction. Inductive reasoning is when you build a generalized conclusion from forming a case out of specific pieces of evidence, as opposed to deductive reasoning, which is when you use a general truth to identify truths about specific entities. In reality, like words in every language, the common use of the word logic has evolved. Describe practical applications of logic, and. Document Your Lifelong Learning Achievements, English - United States, Canada and other English speaking countries, Professional Development (Self-Paced, Online Class), Universal Class, Inc. has been accredited as an Authorized Provider by the. By taking Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking you will improve your ability to identify, analyze, and evaluate arguments by other people (including politicians, used car salesmen, and teachers) and also to construct arguments of your own in order to convince others and to help you decide what to believe or do. There are a number of different established methods of using inductive reasoning to arrive at answers. In this course, we will introduce many of the concepts that are involved in various forms of logical study. A set of consistent rules are established, and applying those rules to any particular argument determines whether the argument is valid or invalid. Earn a final grade of 70% or higher to receive an online/downloadable CEU Certification documenting CEUs earned. When you think of an argument, you probably don't conjure up a very pleasant image. Offered by Duke University. One of the very earliest forms of academic study, long before science was even a thing and gods were still believed to reside in the mountains, was the examination into logic. Great introduction to logic.One thing I'd have appreciated to see is a set of accompanying recorded video lectures. As early as Aristotle's first text on syllogisms, he explored the idea of modal syllogisms. Logic cannot be applied to any statements that do not have a binary answer; a statement must be capable of being proven true or false for logic to be applied to it.

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