Ruffed grouse, pheasants, deer, raccoons, chipmunks, squirrels, rabbits, robins, cedar waxwings, and other songbirds all have been known to eat these fruits (USDA NRCS 2019). Highbush Cranberry Medicinal Uses When you’re talking about using highbush cranberry as medicine, it goes by the common name “crampbark” and is used to relieve muscle cramps. In the fall, the leaves typically turn a beautiful purplish red color. The smaller flowers in the center are the fertile ones that will produce fruit, and it’s likely the larger ones attract pollinators. 2019. Historically the bark of the Highbush cranberry has been used for menstrual cramps, which accounts for one of its common names, crampbark. The shrubs grow up to … After the berries are exposed to a few freeze-thaw cycles, however, they tend to sweeten a bit and get mushier. Although it is shade-tolerant, it prefers full sun and will grow and bear fruit the best in sunny conditions. Accessed at: of Maine. americanum), also known as American cranberry bush, is confusingly not actually related to the cranberries we love to eat around the holidays (i.e., Vaccinium species). While overall habitat quality, including dense cover types adjacent to food sources, is more important for winter survival of ruffed grouse, it definitely helps to have a variety of options for grouse to feed on. Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. Across this range, it grows in a variety of conditions and habitats. Highbush Cranberry is a fruit whose scientific name is Viburnum Opulus, which has gained popularity with its production in our city of Kayseri and has many benefits in terms of human health. The fruit ripens in … standardized tincture already made and ready for use, How to Make Pumpkin Powder (Pumpkin Flour) ». Cooperative Extension. The bark contains a bitter compound called viburnine, which has been used to relieve stomach and menstrual cramps, as well as asthma. Likewise, it can occur in many different soils (e.g., sand, loam, clay) but it typically grows best in consistently wet but well-drained soils (i.e., more on the loamy side). Sources:Minnesota Wildflowers. But the fruits can resemble them in taste and looks (University of Maine Extension 2019). Older shrubs have bark that is gray or brown and that is slightly rough. The fruits are rich in vitamin C, they are an excellent substitute for cranberries and are used in preserves, jams etc. It can also be drunk as a thick, pulpy juice. The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. Looking back now, I recognize that was likely a highbush cranberry shrub. Accessed at:, Filed Under: Habitat, Read Tagged With: forest management, Grouse, grouse habitat, highbush cranberry, © 2019 • Ruffed Grouse Society & The fruit is ¼ to ½ inch wide and it turns bright red when ripe. The bark of the Highbush cranberry tree has proven useful as an antispasmodic to both the Native peoples of Canada and America, as well as to the Europeans who settled in areas where the plants are prolific. The highbush cranberry is a medium height shrub, growing 8 to 15 feet tall on average and spreading roughly 10 feet (Minnesota Wildflowers 2019). The highbush cranberry is a medium height shrub, growing 8 to 15 feet tall on … Importantly, there is a non-native copycat that can confuse people when it comes to identifying this shrub. Your email address will not be published. Highbush cranberry plants are native to some of the coldest regions of North America. 2019. The single stone is large, yellowish, flat, and contains the seed or seeds inside it (University of Maine Extension 2019). Accessed at: NRCS. Uses. To make general assumptions, you will likely find a true native highbush cranberry if you are in a remote or rural area. If you find one with lots of berries on it, take a GPS point or mark it somehow. But it can be an important survival food for ruffed grouse and other wildlife. The only “edible” ones were the ones my parents told me I could eat. ), lake shores, forest-swamp transitions, forest edges, and clearings can all be prime habitat for this plant. And it makes a really interesting jelly or syrup to pair with a ruffed grouse dinner. They thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 7. Around the edge of the cluster, large white flowers surround numerous tiny white flowers (USDA NRCS 2019).

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