Ce petit musée vient raconter l'histoire de la construction de la mosquée Hassan II en mettant à la lumière du jour ce patrimoine et savoir-faire artisanal ancestral, aménagé au rez de chaussée sur deux grands couloirs, elle comporte une collection de plaques de zellij, des morceaux de bois sculpté et bois peint, des murs en stuc taillé retraçant les étapes de ce savoir-faire, des spécimens de calligraphie arabe, une boutique de livres et souvenirs de la mosquée. [8], The prayer hall is built to a rectangular plan of 200 metres (660 ft) length and 100 metres (330 ft)[20] width with three naves, which are perpendicular to the qibla wall. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Structural deterioration in the concrete wall was observed ten years after the mosque's completion. The historical context of the mosque began with the death of King Mohammed V in 1961. Le hammam est constitué de trois salles : une salle quasiment froide voire légèrement tiède, une salle avec une température modérée et la dernière salle est très chaude, la température peut atteindre jusqu'à 47 °C, c'est aussi le point d'eau du bain[réf. The ten-lane boulevard with shopping avenues has its at the southern facade of the mosque and extends to the gates of the Palace Oued el Makhazine in the middle of the city. Érigée en partie sur la mer, elle est un complexe religieux et culturel, aménagé sur neuf hectares et comporte une salle de prières, une salle d'ablutions, des bains, une école coranique (madrasa), une bibliothèque et un musée. [21] This involved use of moly-grade stainless steel combined with high-grade concrete to make the structure resistant to chloride attack, a process that evolved during 3 years of research. The doors are electrically operated. La mosquée est dotée "d'un rayon laser" indiquant la direction de La Mecque d'une portée de 30 kilomètres. Le coût de la construction à la fin des travaux était de 3,8 milliards de dirhams[3]. Soumise à de très fortes contraintes climatiques (houle, humidité, embruns), la mosquée Hassan-II a, en dépit d'un entretien constant, accusé des signes de vieillissement précoce dès 1998 (fissures, chute de panneaux de coffrage), a constaté l'Associated Press[réf. In addition to public donations and those from business establishments and Arab countries (such as Kuwait and Saudi Arabia), western countries provided construction loans, which Morocco repaid.[4]. It is oriented towards Mecca, across the sea and has a range of 30 kilometres (19 mi). Around 1980, King Hassan the II commissioned the mosque because he felt that Casablanca lacked impressive and beautiful buildings and a true landmark for the city. The central hall is centrally heated, and provides spectacular underwater views of the Atlantic Ocean. Even though the many structural changes were made as per detailed design, still during execution of works, 100 external pillars, called “combs” because of their wave breaking characteristics, were exposed to salt water and wave action and had to be replaced with new pillars. Au rez-de-chaussée, la médiathèque dispose aussi d'un espace d'expositions, ou sont régulièrement exposés des artistes locaux et étrangers et des collectifs d'artistes œuvrant à la promotion de l'art africain, l'art local ou la calligraphie arabe. Carved or painted marble or shaped wood are used for these elegant designs, which highlight Islamic art forms. Two large breakwaters were also built, to protect the mosque from the erosive action of the ocean waves, which can be up to 10 metres (33 ft) in height. Hassan II Mosque is actually unique in its architecture and size. Such panels, built with multicolored arches, engraved with ornamented floral designs, appear like a geometrical framework when viewed from the outside. In the third phase, the structural slabs and pillars on the exterior part of mosque exposed to the sea were demolished; 6,000 cubic metres (210,000 cu ft) of concrete was removed. [22] It has a laser beam fitted at the top, which is electronically operated in the evening. [21] The roof is covered with cast-aluminium tiles, (similar to the Fez tiles), stronger and more reliable than traditional ceramic tiles, and about 35 percent lighter. Gérée jusqu'en 2009 par l'Agence urbaine de Casablanca, elle dépend actuellement de la Fondation de la mosquée Hassan-II de Casablanca[4]. Geometrically shaped polychromatic zellji with carved plaster are noted with floral and geometric designs with epigraphy. C'est un bâtiment hémisphérique à colonnades qui comprend les salles de classe, des salles de réunions et un appartement royal autour d'une cour intérieure[12]. The museum opened its doors to the public after the construction of the mosque. [22] The concrete used for the minaret was a special high-grade type, which could perform well under severe conditions of a combined action of strong wind and seismicity. This decorative material (with chrome and green as dominant colours), is a substitute for the use of bricks, the material used in many other notable minarets, and has given the mosque an extraordinary elegance. History of the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca. La mosquée Hassan-II ([1]arabe : مسجد الحسن الثاني (masjid al-Hassan ath-thani)) est une mosquée située à Casablanca (Maroc). Other elements come from the Tour Hassan Mosque, the Dome of the Rock (also known as Qubbat al Sakhra 688–692 AD), the Great Mosque of Madina (705–710 AD), Kairouan Mosque in Tunisia (663 AD), the Great Mosque of Damascus (705–715 AD), the Great Mosque of Cordoba (785–786 AD), Quarawiyyin Mosque (956 and 1135 AD) in Morocco, the Great Mosque of Tlemcen (1136), and Djamaa el Kebir (1096). La mosquée Hassan-II dispose d'une salle d'ablutions dont sa superficie est de 4 800 m2, les lustres qui s'y trouvent sont en cuivre, fabriqués à Fès. Les enceintes et les éclairages ont été conçus avec l'assistance de la société Philips. The traditionally designed madrasa occupies an area of 4,840 square metres (52,100 sq ft) including the basement. The central nave of the hall is 40 metres (130 ft) and larger than the side naves which are 27 metres (89 ft) high. Around 1980, King Hassan the II commissioned the mosque because he felt that Casablanca lacked impressive and beautiful buildings and a true landmark for the city.

Nicu Rn Residency Programs California, Como Hacer Un Mousse De Papaya, Rentals In Beverly, Ma, What Is Tourism Investment, Home Gym Ideas, Kongu Engineering College Fees Payment, Tips For Hosting A Webinar, Keto Chicken Alfredo Skillet,