Some nouns have stems ending in -ν-. As is the rule, the vowel resulting from contraction takes a circumflex: Stems in -οι- end in -ω in the nominative singular. All second-declension endings containing ο were transformed: The placement of the accent does not change, even when the ultima is long, and all forms take an acute instead of a circumflex. Learn Greek… Some nouns in this category end in -εως, which developed from an original *-ηος by the process of quantitative metathesis (switching of vowel lengths). Sometimes suffixes are added on top of each other: βιβλάριον, βιβλιάριον, βιβλαρίδιον, βιβλιδάριον, "On the Uncontracted Form of the Genitive Case Singular of Greek Nouns of the Second Declension", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ancient_Greek_nouns&oldid=973375464, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 August 2020, at 21:48. Based on the last letter of the stem, they are divided into two categories: The mute-stem nouns have stems ending in -κ-, -γ-, -χ- (velar-stem nouns), -π-, -β-, -φ- (labial-stem nouns), -τ-, -δ-, -θ- (dental-stem nouns). Specifically, the first- and second-declension nouns have acute (´) in the strong cases, but circumflex (ˆ) in the weak cases. Because these nouns have a stem ending in -υ-, the accusative singular appears as -υν rather than -υα, and the accusative plural changes by compensatory lengthening from -υνς to -ῡς. [17] Homeric Greek uses -ᾱο or -εω.[11]. Get one wrong? The stem for the rest of the forms ends in -ερ-, -ορ-. There are no plural forms; when the plural does appear, it follows the second declension. The masculine genitive singular ending comes from the second declension. In addition to their frequent use in the New Testament, most of these words are used widely in other Hellenistic Greek literature as well. δεσπότης -ου ὁ master ποιητής -οῦ ὁ creator, poet στρατιώτης -ου ὁ soldier List of Nouns in Greek arm. Category:Ancient Greek uncountable nouns: Ancient Greek nouns that indicate qualities, ideas, unbounded mass or other abstract concepts that cannot be quantified directly by numerals. neck. Some neuter nouns have nominative, accusative, and vocative singulars in -ος, and stems in -εσ-. In these nouns, the stem originally ended in -ν̥τ- (with syllabic n), which changed to -ατ- in Greek. The first declension or alpha declension is considered thematic, with long alpha (ᾱ) at the end of the stem, though it is derived from original athematic Indo-European forms. Sounds That End a Greek Word. -έων was contracted to -ῶν in Attic.[11]. This noun in other GREEK DIALECTS actually end in – ... Only two words in our vocabulary list belong to the ATTIC DECLENSION: νεώς, νεώ temple and λεώς, λεώ the people, folk. In Attic, nouns and adjectives ending in -εος or -οος and -εον or -οον are contracted so that they end in -ους and -ουν. In der Absicht, dass Sie als Kunde mit Ihrem Greek slang words danach in allen Aspekten zufriedengestellt sind, hat unser Testerteam auch noch sämtliche minderwertigen Angebote bereits rausgesucht und gar nicht mit in die Liste aufgenommen. When a second-declension noun is accented on the ultima, the accent switches between acute for the nominative, accusative, and vocative, and circumflex for the genitive and dative. Greek Adverbs. Some nouns have a strong stem in -ηρ in the nominative singular, a middle stem in -ερ- in other forms, and a weak stem in -ρ(α)- in yet other forms. The second or omicron declension is thematic, with an -ο or -ε at the end of the stem. cheeks. chest. Although the determination of the grammatical gender of the Greek words is often arbitrary, the following rules may be applied with the necessary caution: Names … Homer retains the older masculine ending -ᾱ and uses ναύτᾱ "sailor" instead of ναύτης: compare Latin nauta. The citation form is the one commonly shown in dictionaries. head. Nouns and Words have a very important role in Greek.

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