So, the second scope of this chapter is to demonstrate the importance of some GEM in this process and to describe obstacles for testing GEM in the field, which must be overcome before GEM … Critical Reviews in Biotechnology: Vol. 442 21 Genetically Engineered Microorganisms and Bioremediation 2.2.3.6 Pseudomonas putida F1/pSMMO20 450 2.2.3.7 Burkholderia cepacia G4 5223-PR1 450 2.2.3.8 Ralstonia eutropha AEK301/pYK3021 451 2.2.4 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 451 2.2.4.1 Pseudomonas putida PPO300(pRO101) and PPO301(pRO103) 451 2.2.4.2 Pseudomonas cepacia RHJ1 451 2.3 … microorganisms in bioremediation and factors affecting this process. Moreover, genetically modified microorganisms showing and proving that can increase the degradative efficiency of a wide range of environmental pollutant. 145-164. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 26(3), 145–164. One such purpose is for the efficient degradation of pollutants. Today, genetically modified microorganisms have found applications in human health, agriculture, and bioremediation and in industries such as food, paper, and textiles. Because of having diverse metabolic profile to change into less complex and harmless end products [76-78]. GEM is a powerful tool in creating environment friendly alternatives for products and processes For e.g. (2006). A genetically engineered microorganism (GEM) or modified microorganism (GMM) is a microorganism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques inspired by natural genetic exchange between microorganisms. 26, No. Sandeep Kumar, Vikas Kumar Dagar, Yogender Pal Khasa, Ramesh Chander Kuhad, Genetically Modified Microorganisms (GMOs) for Bioremediation, Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery, 10.1007/978-81-322-0876-1, (191-218), (2013). The technique of bioremediation, either with microorganisms (native or genetically modified) which are applied directly (in a reactor or in situ), or with cell extracts or purified enzymes preparations, is reported as a low cost and potential detoxification technology for the removal of toxic chemicals. : 'Production of enzymes 'Amylose free potato 'Indigo producing bacterium . Use of Genetically Engineered Microorganisms (GEMs) for the Bioremediation of Contaminants. Genetically engineered microorganisms (GEMs) have shown potential for bioremediation … Bioremediation, its Applications to Contaminated Sites in India, Ministry of Environment & Forests. Microorganisms may be genetically engineered for many purposes. Genetic engineering offers the advantages over traditional methods of increasing molecular diversity and improving chemical selectivity. 3, pp. Text book of Biotechnology- U.sathyanarayana. Involves the use of microorganisms genetically modified by recombinant DNA technology. These techniques are generally known as recombinant DNA technology. Use of Genetically Engineered Microorganisms (GEMs) for the Bioremediation of Contaminants.

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