0000003193 00000 n Animal toxicity studies with certain GM foods have shown that they may toxically affect several organs and systems. While some studies show that these engineered foods are as safe as traditionally grown foods, other studies show deleterious effects in animals. 0000408281 00000 n U.S. corn is genetically modified as are 91% of soybeans and 88% of cotton (cottonseed oil is often used in food products) (Whitman, 2000). startxref 99 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<312F34F1071A064491889E4D99E62E3F>]/Index[66 63]/Info 65 0 R/Length 148/Prev 438754/Root 67 0 R/Size 129/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream 0000404139 00000 n �K��>C��H��kiLࣛ��u�@Y�Vi")��� �ZA}94jȮj��]+��ۼ�tc7��1=d���"�U�۪�0�g�ÔO���ֺƝ�y��.���}����p�[��� bPx3 �[d��7��n6U�[$��=�s�*��xAH�A�W��lX�?A0&�C_�W ��Um�����7jo��V��}��"H�^}ᅰf�`C�`g &���~ �ƭ����X�/S�ݠqȄ��l�G���1G�v��@k��5O=O�UC8� Genetically Modified Foods ST Figure 5–1 Anti-GM protesters attacking a field of genetically-modified maize in southwestern France. �mۃT�D��8�u��*X�� 0000011200 00000 n �[Õ┝�0��Ѫ C�3�\ru3�����P��r�>� h�b```b``��������A�D�b�,-�,��.e8 p(��j��� biotechnology is Genetically Modified Foods (GM foods). 0 66 0 obj <> endobj 227 0 obj <>stream 0000008217 00000 n 0000477852 00000 n Q�5K��'��0F�Y���c���>��D�'�b�.���W�o�GF� 0000013533 00000 n Developed and used since 1999, this genetically modified papaya, which resists the virus, has saved Hawaii’s papaya industry. 0000010443 00000 n It ranges from quality of food to changes produced by the plants animals etc. A number of agriculturally impor-tant animals such as goats and sheep have been genetically modified to produce pharmaceutical products in their milk. h�bbd```b``> "KA$��d���8��y`�:�4H�&�A�)X�I*�d4}� ������A�X�;D���j�O�j�l� ��D�h�L|b�t�R`� The first commercially grown genetically modified whole food crop was the tomato puree (Called FlavrSavr), which was made more resistant to rotting by Californian Company Calgene. h�bb2e`b``Ń3�(� N>] 0000003909 00000 n 0000005199 00000 n trailer %%EOF PDF 152KB. Genetically Modified Foods: Benefits and Risks SUMMARY: Genetically modified foods have been around for about two decades and are deemed generally safe, yet they continue to generate controversy. !�/��PZ��".�����ToM���O~�#����&� As genetically modified (GM) foods are starting to intrude in our diet concerns have been expressed regarding GM food safety. GM foods were first put on the market in the early 1990s. 0000011998 00000 n Approximately 90 percent of hard cheeses currently being produced are using an enzyme obtained from a GM source. Genetically modified foods, also known as genetically engineered foods, are the latest contribution of genetic engineering technology. Though this kind of genetic modification 0000001637 00000 n Abstract. 0000003011 00000 n endstream endobj startxref endstream endobj 203 0 obj <>stream h�b```�e��eB cc`a�x��+|���Jf�Gdx���lr``\�\x���Bɜ $�N�,A>GD4}m]�]x4:._u�o &�\��"?A0����ׅ�.�C'Ԁ._k �+6�*�~P 2��a���k�D@�� qNF���;�������QDBD@�8�� SJ��E����2��;�xl�����=��A�Q�-��c�.����F�M����}bpV��Y*��0�r>��nW�ɒ!�Wx\�������. %PDF-1.5 %���� endstream endobj 226 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[58 131]/Length 27/Size 189/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream !^��]�; Am I eating foods that come from GMO crops? PDF 152KB. <]/Prev 974147/XRefStm 1637>> 0000005732 00000 n 0000006602 00000 n xref Circa 8000 BCE ... 2015 FDA approves an application for the first genetic modification in an animal for use as food, a genetically engineered salmon. 0000417758 00000 n endstream endobj 202 0 obj <>stream ... or milk from the animal. The cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops on millions of hectares of lands and their injection into our food chain is a huge global genetic experiment involving all living beings. Animal toxicity studies with certain GM foods have shown that they may toxically affect several organs and systems. These concerns as well as the limitations of the procedures followed in the evaluation of their safety are presented. ;��.��zK7��H�׭j�2��C�g�3xM��l��ī*s:$��5xE^� ـ-ق��tP�a�A�a�A�a�A�a�A�a�A���ف�o�o�o�o6� �]�Xv��n�`�`�`�`�`�`�`�`�\�� 4 Genetically Modified Food Crops 1) Scientists copy a carrot gene that converts a pigment to beta-carotene. 0000001974 00000 n �v e�B���#o�R�OH�^���N�|ۏz��,i�z�a�įA�����Bo{[o�w��ᣁa�]��P�Cg �� These concerns as well as the limitations of the procedures followed in the evaluation of their safety are presented. 0000422872 00000 n 0000004461 00000 n ��}0BXg�oQ���}A&��TmU��Op���'\�pk���'�G��%����0�K�9{� �i�b�U��l��Q$>�#)!�Ck0�#mOC�#�G�*�� 0000423375 00000 n In July 2004, hundreds of activists opposed to GM crops destroyed plants being tested by the US biotech company Pioneer Hi-Bred International. 0 0000417853 00000 n �.�I��o6�'����}�Y�]s�A�����X�a NO�n�ZB$T�~Ύn/�� I���� The following year, tobacco plants were engineered to resist insects. 0000001815 00000 n Types of GM Foods A genetically modified organism (GMO) is one that has had its genetic material altered through one of several methods. The sheep have been modified in such a way that they produce a human protein. H����O�0���W�c,��i��ďvc�M��i��$����Y�_�;;.�&P'J����>��3����tљ��Ѽ� 0000004772 00000 n 0000009571 00000 n The first GE crops were tobacco plants modified in 1986 to be resistant to direct application of herbicides. 0000014304 00000 n Since genetically modified (GM) food appeared in the Chinese market, it has become a hot topic. a genetically modified papaya did save the day. For example, GM somatotropin is a genetically engineered pharmaceutical that increases the cows milk production. 0000012777 00000 n endstream endobj 204 0 obj <> endobj 205 0 obj <> endobj 206 0 obj <> endobj 207 0 obj <>stream Animals chew them, insects chomp them, pushy plants surround them, and disease withers them. Genetically Modified Food 2 Regulations] Title 21). 0000460885 00000 n 0000004687 00000 n /�E�O��FBHӤ���M:@�I����ۏ�Oԑ��!��;�Rlv�]]��S���>�a��2]c����Ơ�Zc����o�fU����e��]8N�it�;]�,�� ��?��g|�I?���u����?���R���1}�����"/{� ���ܞҚw��f��|^Q������.��jʴ��yK[�|��nK. 0000004424 00000 n A.03 Assessment of genetically modified oilseed rape MS11 for food and feed uses, import and processing, under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 (application EFSA‐GMO‐BE‐2016‐138) - Presentation by EFSA. 0000423987 00000 n %%EOF The presence of genetically modified food products within our food system has been a topic of discussion around the world. endstream endobj 190 0 obj <>/Metadata 56 0 R/Pages 55 0 R/StructTreeRoot 58 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 191 0 obj >/PageWidthList<0 612.0>>>>>>/Resources<>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 192 0 obj [193 0 R] endobj 193 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[427.686 164.308 507.933 154.091]/StructParent 23/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 194 0 obj <> endobj 195 0 obj <> endobj 196 0 obj [/ICCBased 214 0 R] endobj 197 0 obj <> endobj 198 0 obj <> endobj 199 0 obj <> endobj 200 0 obj <> endobj 201 0 obj <>stream

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