El retrato no fue la “moda” de Bush. Other actresses to have played her include: "Madame Pompadour" redirects here. [24] Pompadour had a copy of Les bijoux indiscrets in her library, which may explain why the crown did not pursue Diderot for such an indiscretion against the king.[25]. In order to cement her continuing importance as favourite in the face of these impediments, Pompadour took on the role of "friend of the King" which she announced through artistic patronage. [5] Le Normant de Tournehem became her legal guardian when François Poisson was forced to leave the country in 1725 after a scandal over a series of unpaid debts, a crime at that time punishable by death. Blues and pinks were popular in Rococo colour schemes, which is something that clearly influenced Boucher’s choice of colour palette for this painting. She also defended the Encyclopédie edited by Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert against those, among them the Archbishop of Paris Christophe de Beaumont, who sought to have it suppressed. Madame de Pompadour has been depicted on screen in film and television on many occasions, beginning in 1924 with Paulette Duval opposite Rudolph Valentino in Monsieur Beaucaire. [38], Madame de Pompadour is considered an amateur printmaker who made print engravings with the help of Boucher. Although she did commission works from other artists, the majority of her portraits were done by Boucher. In the years around 1750, Madame de Pompadour commissioned a series of works of art with friendship and fidelity as their central theme. {{$parent.$parent.validationModel['duplicate']}}, 1-{{getCurrentCount()}} out of {{getTotalCount()}}, Portrait of Marie-Louis O’Murphy (Nude on a Sofa). Love Presenting a Bouquet; engraved print by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher, after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. The King sent a gift of venison to her. Her importance was such that she was approached in 1755 by Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, a prominent Austrian diplomat, asking her to intervene in the negotiations which led to the Treaty of Versailles. Madame de Pompadour ist der Werktitel eines Personenbildnisses der Madame de Pompadour.Das Ölgemälde, eine Auftragsarbeit Ludwigs XV., wurde vom französischen Maler François Boucher (1703–1770) im Jahre 1756 gefertigt. [35] Numerous sculptors and portrait painters were patronized by Pompadour, among them the court artist Jean-Marc Nattier, in the 1750s François Boucher, Jean-Baptiste Réveillon and François-Hubert Drouais. [13] In 1744, Jeanne Antoinette sought to catch the eye of the King while he led the hunt in the forest of Sénart. Because she occupied an estate near this location she was permitted to follow the royal party at a distance. In opposition to previous mistresses of Louis XV, Pompadour made herself invaluable to the King by becoming the only person whom Louis trusted and who could be counted on to tell him the truth. [10] The couple had a son who died in infancy and a daughter, Alexandrine Le Normant d'Étiolles, born in 1744, who died at the age of nine. Infant Bacchus; engraving by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. Known as the Queen of the Rococo, Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, later known as Madame de Pompadour, was the maîtresse-en-titre of King Louis XV of France from 1745 to her death in 1764. Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, otherwise known as Madame de Pompadour, was the mistress of King Louis XV, as well as a prominent patron of Francois Boucher. Once married, Le Normant d'Étiolles fell passionately in love with his wife, while she maintained that she would never leave him – except for the King. [7] During this time her mother took her to a fortuneteller, Madame de Lebon, who predicted that the girl would one day reign over the heart of a King. [12], Due to her involvement in Paris salons as well as her grace and beauty, Louis XV had heard the name of Jeanne Antoinette mentioned at court as early as 1742. She was the official chief mistress of Louis XV from 1745 to 1751, and remained influential as court favourite until her death. Madame de Pompadour was a friend, advisor, and alleged mistress to King Louis XV. ), At age 5 Jeanne Antoinette was sent to receive the finest quality education of the day in an Ursuline convent in Poissy, where she gained admiration for her wit and charm. Even her enemies admired her courage during the final painful weeks. [4][31], Despite misconceptions perpetuated by her contemporaries and much of historical discourse, Pompadour did not supplant her role as mistress by employing replacement lovers for the king. Britain's victories in the war had allowed it to surpass France as the leading colonial power — something which was commonly blamed on Pompadour. "[46] Many of her enemies were, however, greatly relieved. Following the cessation of Pompadour's sexual relationship with Louis, the King met with young women in a house in Versailles established particularly for that purpose, called the Parc-aux-Cerfs, or Stag Park. Henceforth she became known as “Reinette”, meaning "little queen", and was groomed to become the mistress of Louis XV. After Rossbach, Madame de Pompadour is alleged to have comforted the king with the now-famous: "au reste, après nous, le Déluge" ("Besides, after us, the Deluge"). [45] Louis nursed her through her illness. [37] Like Pompadour, this style was critiqued by some as a pernicious "feminine" influence, despite the fact that it was embraced by many men as well as women (Hyde, 456-458). Pompadour effectively played the role of prime minister, becoming responsible for appointing advancements, favors, and dismissals, and contributing in domestic and foreign politics.[20]. Hooper-Hamersley, The Hunt,71 and Levron, Katherine K. Gordon, "“Madame de Pompadour, Pigalle, and the Iconography of Friendship,”", The Life of the Marquise de Pompadour in 3 minutes, Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem, Louis François Armand du Plessis, duc de Richelieu, "More than a Mistress: Madame de Pompadour was a Minister of the Arts", "Were champagne glasses modeled on the breasts of Madame de Pompadour? Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise of Pompadour (/ˈpɒmpədʊər/, French: [pɔ̃paduʁ] (listen); 29 December 1721 – 15 April 1764), commonly known as Madame de Pompadour, was a member of the French court. These included the estate at Étiolles (28 km south of Paris), a wedding gift from her guardian, which was situated on the ed… The king purchased the marquisate of Pompadour on 24 June and gave the estate, with title and coat-of-arms, to Jeanne Antoinette, making her a Marquise. [23] In Diderot's first novel, Les bijoux indiscrets (The Indiscreet Jewels), the characters of Mangogul and Mirzoza are allegories of Louis XV and Pompadour respectively. Madame de Pompadour. [4], Jeanne Antoinette Poisson was born on 29 December 1721 in Paris to François Poisson (1684–1754) and his wife Madeleine de La Motte (1699–1745). She was a wealthy, powerful woman, which also explains the air of importance that she gives off. She was the subject of several portraits throughout her lifetime. The personal portfolio of Madame de Pompadour was found in the Walters Art Museum manuscript room by art historian Susan Wager. [14] Though the King's current mistress, Madame de Châteauroux (Marie Anne de Mailly), had warned off Jeanne Antoinette, the position became vacant on 8 December 1744 when Châteauroux died. [39] Her collection of work, in book form, is called "Suite d'Estampes Gravées Par Madame la Marquise de Pompadour d'Apres les Pierres Gravées de Guay, Graveur du Roy"[42] which translates to in English as "Series of Prints engraved by Madame la Marquise de Pompadour after the engraved stones of Guay, engraver of the King".

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