Plato in his Laws, Book III, argues that this flood had occurred ten thousand years before his time, as oppose… Inachus is synchronized by Ptolemy of Mendes with the flood of Deucalion, the second Greek flood the date of which could be calculated from an eclipse. Material, Literary and Iconographic Instances of Objects in a Human Universe in Antiquity and the Middle Ages, Transmission des savoirs sur les poissons et les animaux aquatiques, textes et images, « Loimos », « pestis », pestes. Dorus received the country over against Peloponnese and called the settlers Dorians after himself. Natural events, whose most significant omens are eclipses and floods, print in a sustainable manner the chronological framework of the human history. Another passage reported by Censorinus shows that Varro, like his contemporaries, believed that every century, corresponding to the maximum human life, ended with wonders15. The narrative of an event is the richest and the most direct way to understand what the humanity experiences in an event. There are several reasons for the current lack of interest towards the flood of Ogygos. When the rains ceased, he sacrificed to Zeus. The Ogygian flood is so called because it occurred in the time of Ogyges,[2] a mythical king of Attica. According to Peter Hermann, Varro’s work could be based on a temporal frame divided in cycles of 440 years according to the theory of palingenesis reported by Augustine. The mountains in Thessaly were parted, and all the world beyond the Isthmus and Peloponnese was overwhelmed. Two of these ended two of the Ages of Man: the Ogygian Deluge ended the Silver Age, and the flood of Deucalion ended the First Bronze Age. The Ogygian flood is … Unlike the Biblical flood and Deucalion, the flood of Ogygos is not narrative. He married Enarete, daughter of Deimachus, and begat seven sons, Cretheus, Sisyphus, Athamas, Salmoneus, Deion, Magnes, Perieres, and five daughters, Canace, Alcyone, Pisidice, Calyce, Perimede. Gian Andrea Caduff proposed a chronological and thematic accounts of the flood of Ogygos. According to the Theogony of Apollodorus, Prometheus moulded men out of water and earth and gave them also fire, which, unknown to Zeus, he had hidden in a stalk of fennel. Others say he was the founder and king of Thebes. Le pouvoir de commencer. Unlike the Biblical flood and Deucalion, the flood of Ogygos is not narrative. This one has the same basic story line. Two of the Greek Ages of Man concluded with a flood: The Ogygian Deluge ended the Silver Age, and the flood of Deucalion ended the First Bronze Age. Varro tries to define the three periods by assigning durations. Barely two years after the decree of deification of Caesar, the Roman power is torn between Octavian, who attempts to establish the worship of Caesar and Mark Antony, who is opposed to it. Wether Varro depends on Castor of Rhodes or on another source, it should be noted the great clarity, but also the fundamental originality of his tripartite periodization because the common periodization splits the time between gods and human time. The successful appearance of the comet in the sky ofRomeduring the Games given in July 44 BC gives Octavian right. Islands around Attica, such as Aegina, Salamis and Euboea, were part of the mainland. This second period runs over three periods delimited by two events: four hundred years from the flood of Ogygos to Inachus, eight hundred years from Inachus to the Trojan War and four hundred years from the Trojan War to the first Olympiad. « This author (Varro) reported, in fact, three divisions of time: the first, from the appearance of men to the first flood, which, because of the ignorance in which we are, is called « obscure »(adelon); the second, from the first flood to the first Olympiad, is  called « mythical » because of the many fables that are reported, and the third, extending from the first Olympiad to the present, the so-called « historic » because the events which occured are recorded in accurate books »3. The Deucalion legend as told by Apollodorus in The Library has some similarity to other deluge myths such as the Epic of Gilgamesh and the story of Noah's Ark. The Holocene is a geological period that began approximately 11,550 calendar years BP (or about 9600 BCE) and continues to the present. The first worldwide flood in Greek mythology, the Ogygian deluge occurred during his reign and derives its name from him, though some sources regard it as a local flood, such as an inundation of Lake Copais, a large lake once in the center of Boeotia. Other sources see it as a flood associated with Attica. But Deucalion, floating in the chest over the sea for nine days and as many nights, drifted to Parnassus, and there, when the rain ceased, he landed and sacrificed to Zeus, the god of Escape. Testimony preserved by Augustine proves that the date of Ogygos retained in the tripartition of the time was based on the manifestation of a celestial event: “From the book of Marcus Varro, entitled, Of the Race of the Roman People, I cite word for word the following instance: There occurred a remarkable celestial portent; for Castor records that, in the brilliant star Venus,called Vesperugo by Plautus, and the lovely Hesperus by Homer, there occurred so strange a prodigy, that it changed its color, size, form, course, which never happened before nor since. The source of Varro’s tripartite periodization is widely discussed even though its Greek character is attested as Varro uses Greek adjectives to describe the three periods. THE DELUGE OF OGYGES The first Egyptian who thus settled in Greece was a prince called Inachus. That was the penalty that Prometheus paid for the theft of fire until Hercules afterwards released him. In fact, the tripartite division of time by Varro can be only understood in the light of his method that Censorinus exposes afterwards: « As for the third age, historians surely disagreed on a few years – six to seven years – but Varro has dissipated the remaining darkness. (1) He is credited with founding Eleusis, reigning there as king when his own lands were flooded. He left Samothrace on an inflated skin to the opposite shores of Asia Minor and settled on Mount Ida. However, the Flood of Ogyges seems quite peculiar. Grafton-Swerdlow, 1985, p.465. As a proof the last events of mythic time are considered more « historical » than the first mythical events. Those who were called Greeks he named Hellenes after himself, and divided the country among his sons. An older version of the story told by Hellanicus has Deucalion's "ark" landing on Mount Othrys in Thessaly. La vie dans les marges a pour objectif de lire les textes anciens, principalement issus des grands courants religieux, à travers leurs commentaires et leurs traditions pour les faire dialoguer avec des problématiques soulevées par les sciences sociales et humaines. You have heard no doubt, and remember what they say happened at that time? This latter view was accepted by Africanus, who says "that great and first flood occurred in Attica, when Phoroneus was king of Argos, as Acusilaus relates." Perimede had Hippodamas and Orestes by Achelous; and Pisidice had Antiphus and Actor by Myrmidon. Adrastus of Cyzicus, and Dion of Naples, famous mathematicians, said that this occurred in the reign of Ogyges”10. Others say he was the founder and king of Thebes.In many traditions the Ogygian flood … Tarutius, Varro and other astronomers have applied the methods of astrology for historical purposes. Str. The Flood of Ogyges 1687 BCE Plato's writings in Timaeus admit that the oldest Greek memories of their historical period date back to the reign of Phoroneus, when occurred the Ogygian Flood. His grandson Tros eventually moved from the highlands down to a large plain, on a hill which had many rivers flowing down from Ida above and built a city, which was named Troy after him. Every day an eagle swooped on him and devoured the lobes of his liver, which grew by night. The Peloponnese was connected to the mainland and the Corinthian Gulf was not formed. Prise de Jérusalem par Hérode le Grand.jpg, Myth, Legend, and Custom in the Old Testament, Meltwater Pulse 1A from Antarctica as trigger of the Bølling-Allerød Warm Interval, https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greek_flood_myths?oldid=277403, "Many great deluges have taken place during the nine thousand years, for that is the number of years which have elapsed since the time of which I am speaking; and during all this time and through so many changes, there has never been any considerable accumulation of the soil coming down from the mountains, as in other places, but the earth has fallen away all round and sunk out of sight.

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