1.DATA: - “Data” is nothing but a mare collection of basic facts and figure without any sequence. 2005: YouTube, a video sharing service, is founded. 2004: Mozilla's Firefox 1.0 challenges Microsoft's Internet Explorer, the dominant Web browser. The computer was born not for entertainment or email but out of a need to solve a serious number-crunching crisis. It has an Intel chip, two floppy disks and an optional color monitor. In the year 1642, Blaise Pascal a French scientist invented an adding machine called Pascal’s calculator, which represents the position of digit with the help of gears in it. Which can be used by the user? In fact, calculation underlies many activities that are not normally thought of as mathematical. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. By This richness provides a vast design space for exploring novel and multi-value ways to encode and process data beyond the 0s and 1s of current logic-based, digital architectures." It id dividing into two parts called ‘Heaven’ and ‘Earth’. computer uses the stored program concept in this period. In that generation, computer will possess artificial intelligence and it would be able to take self decisions like a human being. Development of computer 1. He establishes a company that would ultimately become IBM. The central concept of the modern computer was based on his ideas. 1947: William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain of Bell Laboratories invent the transistor. 1990: Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, the high-energy physics laboratory in Geneva, develops HyperText Markup Language (HTML), giving rise to the World Wide Web. The Development of Computer Operating SystemsOverviewFor most people, understanding their computers extends no further than needing to know how to be able to install programs. It was first developed by T.S Kilby. 2016: The first reprogrammable quantum computer was created. The Development of Computer Languages and ProgrammersOverviewOne of the principle strengths of the modern electronic digital computer is its ability to be programmed to perform a wide variety of useful and disparate functions. For this great invention of the computer, Sir Charles Babbage is also known as the father of the computer. When they started using stone to count their animals or the possession they never knew that this day will lead to a computer of today. This is the generation where we are working today. 1985: Microsoft announces Windows, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. 1937: J.V. In this generation of computer, IC (Integrated circuits) was used as the electronic component for computers. Computer Science: Development - In this chapter, we will discuss the development in Computer Science chronologically. The government sought a faster way to get the job done, giving rise to punch-card based computers that took up entire rooms. 1937: J.V. It sold like crazy. People today started following a set of procedure to perform calculation with these stones, which later led to creation of a digital counting device, which was the predecessor the first calculating device invented, was know as ABACUS. 1936: Alan Turing presents the notion of a universal machine, later called the Turing machine, capable of computing anything that is computable. 1977: Jobs and Wozniak incorporate Apple and show the Apple II at the first West Coast Computer Faire. (Op-Ed), Catch the full moon (and a penumbral eclipse) on Monday, Wide-eyed prehistoric shark hid its sharpest teeth in nightmare jaws, Whodunit solved when 'sword' is found embedded in thresher shark. A vacuum tube was such an electronic component which had very less work efficiency and so it could not work properly and it required a large cooling system. For most of the people, computer is a machine used for a calculation or a computation, but actually it is much more than that. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. We are living in the computer age today and most of our day to day activities cannot be accomplished without using computers. Sometimes knowingly and sometimes unknowingly we use computers. 3.INFORMATION: - ‘Information ’is the end point or the final output of any processed work. "Until now, there hasn't been any quantum-computing platform that had the capability to program new algorithms into their system. Development of computer Prepared by Ziyad Siso 2. However, there are a number of essential elements that allow a user to make use of the computer hardware. 1941: Atanasoff and his graduate student, Clifford Berry, design a computer that can solve 29 equations simultaneously. This page was last modified on 1 March 2009, at 00:38. world's first computer was actually built, creator Rob Barnaby in email to Mike Petrie in 2000, Computers of the Future May Be Minuscule Molecular Machines, Fortune: A Look Back At 40 Years of Apple, Computer History Museum: Timeline of Computer History, Physicists could do the 'impossible': Create and destroy magnetic fields from afar, Banned in 160 Nations, Why is Ractopamine in U.S. Pork? The following brief history of computing is a timeline of how computers evolved from their humble beginnings to the machines of today that surf the Internet, play games and stream multimedia in addition to crunching numbers. The full form of ENIAC is “Electronic Numeric Integrated And Calculator” ENIAC was a very huge and big computer and its weight was 30 tones. ENIAC was the world first successful electronic computer which was develops by the two scientists namely J. P. Eckert and J. W. Mauchy. Apic | Hulton Archive | Getty Images. 2006: Apple introduces the MacBook Pro, its first Intel-based, dual-core mobile computer, as well as an Intel-based iMac. 1946: Mauchly and Presper leave the University of Pennsylvania and receive funding from the Census Bureau to build the UNIVAC, the first commercial computer for business and government applications. NY 10036. Abacus is made up of wooden frame in which rod where fitted across with rounds beads sliding on the rod. They discovered how to make an electric switch with solid materials and no need for a vacuum. 1978: Accountants rejoice at the introduction of VisiCalc, the first computerized spreadsheet program. This device was called Analytical engine and it deemed the first mechanical computer. The first IBM personal computer, introduced on Aug. 12, 1981, used the MS-DOS operating system. We are breathing in the computer age and gradually computer has become such a desire necessity of life that it is difficult to imagine life without it. On April 4, after the success of this first endeavor, the two childhood friends form their own software company, Microsoft. We are living in the computer age today and most of our day to day activities cannot be accomplished without using computers. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. As the development moved further, the second generation computers knocked the door. This was the company's response to Apple's GUI. It included such feature which is used in today’s computer language. fifth generation will be developed soon. 07 September 2017. It offers color graphics and incorporates an audio cassette drive for storage. 1973: Robert Metcalfe, a member of the research staff for Xerox, develops Ethernet for connecting multiple computers and other hardware. 2010: Apple unveils the iPad, changing the way consumers view media and jumpstarting the dormant tablet computer segment. 1954: The FORTRAN programming language, an acronym for FORmula TRANslation, is developed by a team of programmers at IBM led by John Backus, according to the University of Michigan. 1939: Hewlett-Packard is founded by David Packard and Bill Hewlett in a Palo Alto, California, garage, according to the Computer History Museum. 2011: Google releases the Chromebook, a laptop that runs the Google Chrome OS. Content Computer introduction The word "computer" was first used Computer history First generation Second generation Third generation Personal Computer Types Laptop computer Desktop … Long back about 4ooB.c first every computing instrument was developed which can add and subtract. From the Apple Mac to the World Wide Web: Eight milestones in the development of computers and home technology. they are in existence merely from early 1940’s. To know about the complete process that how computer works, we will have to come across the various terms such as Data, Processing and Information. DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTER Actually speaking electronic data processing does not go back more than just half a centaury i.e. 1997: Microsoft invests $150 million in Apple, which was struggling at the time, ending Apple's court case against Microsoft in which it alleged that Microsoft copied the "look and feel" of its operating system. 1983: Apple's Lisa is the first personal computer with a GUI.

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