The original word signifies that his presence rose upon them like the sun from the mount, (Malachi 4:2,) and spread abroad his beams upon them from Paran, namely, when they encamped below that mount, whither they came from the wilderness of Sinai, Numbers 10:12; Numbers 13:1-3. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". He begins with this, that he may, in the first place, make them sensible of that most signal blessing which God had bestowed upon them, in choosing them to be his peculiar people. The Lord came — Namely, to the Israelites; manifested himself graciously and gloriously among them. (Menochius) --- The law is styled fiery, not only because it was given from the midst of flames, but also because it was to be put in execution with the utmost rigour. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". As fire was a symbol of the Divine Presence, its moving from one place to another before the Israelites in their journies, is obliquely compared to the sun's rising: he rose up; he shined forth. 1874-1909. Compare, Isaiah 4:4 with John 16:8. 4. xxxii. Here God eminently manifested his presence and goodness, both in giving the people flesh, which they desired, and in appointing the seventy elders, and pouring forth his Spirit upon them. He said: “The LORD came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir; he shone forth from Mount Paran. Some Hebrew manuscripts write אשׁ דת as one word. and from thence God led them on towards the land of promise, and then gloriously appeared for them in subduing Sihon and Og before them. 9. 1765. "E.W. From his right hand — Which both wrote the law and gave it to men. https: (307) The Law is called fiery, in order to inspire terror and to enforce humility upon them all; although I am not adverse to the opinion that Moses alludes in this epithet to the outward signs of fire and flame, of which he spoke in Exodus 20:0. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Deuteronomy 33:2". BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. (Kennicott) --- Law. And it is probable, that when the LORD came down upon Mount Sinai, the reflection of the glory shined upon those two mountains. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 33:2". A fiery law — The law is called fiery, because it is of a fiery nature purging and searching and inflaming, to signify that fiery wrath which it inflicteth upon sinners for the violation of it, and principally because it was delivered out of the midst of the fire. Judges 5:4-5, and Habakkuk 3:3. The Lord came — Namely, to the Israelites, manifested himself graciously and gloriously among them. — [Sifrei 33:2] The praise with which Moses commenced, mentions the merit of Israel. Go to. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". By way of ornament, the same thing is repeated with respect to Seir and Paran; and, since these three words are synonymous, therefore to go forth, to rise up, and to come, also represent the same thing, viz., that manifestation of the divine glory which should have ravished into admiration the minds of all; as though he had said that his blessings were to be received with the same reverence, as that which God had procured for His Law, when His face was conspicuously displayed on Mount Sinai. Some, as I conceive improperly, translate it, — “God comes to Sinai,” whereas Moses rather means that he came from thence, when His brightness was made manifest. Compare maran-athah = the LORD cometh, 1 Corinthians 16:22. saints = holy ones, i.e. The Holy One came with multitudes; From his right hand issued streams unto them: That is, says he, streams of light; God having been represented before as rising like the sun, then shining forth, and now issuing thunderings and lightnings from his right hand, as was the case at the delivery of the law. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 33:2". dath, an edict, or mandate. Durell renders it. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 33:2". The word is much disputed. By “ten thousands of sanctity,” (306) I do not understand, as many do, the faithful, but the angels, by whom God was accompanied as by a royal retinue; for God also commanded the ark to be placed between the Cherubim, in order to show that the heavenly hosts were around Him. Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, The Lord came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from Mount Paran, From his right hand went a fiery law for them, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. He came with ten thousands of his saints — Or holy ones, that is, angels, who attended him at the giving of the law, Psalms 68:17; see also Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19, and Hebrews 2:2. It is as though Moses saw the glory of Jehovah shine forth from the lofty heights of Sinai to the heights of Edom on the east and to the mountains of Paran, which form the boundary of the desert, on the north. 3. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. With ten thousands of saints — That is, with a great company of holy angels, Psalm 68:17, which attended upon him in this great and glorious work of giving the law, as may be gathered from Acts 7:53. (305) In these words he reminds them that he is setting before them, a confirmation of the covenant, which God had made with them in this Law, and that it is nothing different from it; for this connection was of exceeding efficacy in establishing the certainty of the blessings, provided only the Law was duly honored; for nothing was better adapted to confirm the grace of God than the majesty which was displayed in the promulgation of the Law. https: If this reading should be accepted it might be rendered so as to refer to flashes of lightning. He came with ten thousands of saints, &c.— Houbigant renders this, He came with ten thousands of his saints, who are at his right hand, and minister unto him. BibliographyWesley, John. Deuteronomy 33:5 Jeshurun means the upright one, that is, Israel; also in verse 26. Gesenius thinks it would be better referred to the pillar of fire, (Exodus 13:21,) which was as a law to direct them, than to the lightnings which Jehovah employs for his servants. Pharan. he shined forth from Mount Paran: in which the metaphor of the sun rising is continued, and as expressive of its increasing light and splendour: near to this mount was a wilderness of the same name, through which the children of Israel travelled, and where the Lord appeared to them: here the cloud rested when they removed from Sinai; here, or near it, the Spirit of the Lord was given to the seventy elders, and from hence the spies were sent into the land of Canaan, Numbers 10:12; in this wilderness Ishmael and his posterity dwelt, Genesis 21:21; but it was not to them the Lord shone forth here, as say the above Jewish writers, and othersF4Vid. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 33:2". https: See also Psalm lxvii. Thus God both wrote and gave the law. Comp. [1 Corinthians 15:56]. (Calmet) --- When he first descended upon Sinai, his glory shone on Pharan and Seir, as it were in its progress thither. 1599-1645. See Isaias vi. This fire wherein the law was given, and shall be required, is still in it, and will never out; hence are those terrors which it flasheth in every conscience that hath felt remorse of sin.

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