The most stable known isotope, 269Hs, has a half-life of approximately 9.7 seconds. 3 by 27679.9 Metal / Element or Alloy Density Density By mass, aluminium makes up about 8% of the Earth’s crust; it is the third most abundant element after oxygen and silicon and the most abundant metal in the crust, though it is less common in the mantle below. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive, with the most stable isotope being radium-226. The chemical symbol for Xenon is Xe. The chemical symbol for Phosphorus is P. As an element, phosphorus exists in two major forms—white phosphorus and red phosphorus—but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth. Thorium is commonly found in monazite sands (rare earth metals containing phosphate mineral). The chemical properties of this silvery gray, crystalline transition metal are intermediate between rhenium and manganese. The chemical symbol for Mendelevium is Md. Technetium is the lightest element whose isotopes are all radioactive; none are stable. The symbol for Tin is Sn and its density g/cm 3 is 7.26. Iron is a metal in the first transition series. Chromium is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal4 which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point. Although classified as a rare earth element, samarium is the 40th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust and is more common than such metals as tin. Tungsten. Significant concentrations of boron occur on the Earth in compounds known as the borate minerals. The chemical symbol for Rhodium is Rh. The chemical symbol for Radon is Rn. Silver is a soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal. Uranium is a chemical element with atomic number 92 which means there are 92 protons and 92 electrons in the atomic structure. The symbol for Thulium is Tm and its density g/cm 3 is 9.32. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. It must be noted, atoms lack a well-defined outer boundary. Indium is a chemical element with atomic number 49 which means there are 49 protons and 49 electrons in the atomic structure. Ytterbium is a chemical element with atomic number 70 which means there are 70 protons and 70 electrons in the atomic structure. Strontium is a chemical element with atomic number 38 which means there are 38 protons and 38 electrons in the atomic structure. Titanium is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density, and high strength. The chemical symbol for Carbon is C. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. Consequently, the smallest atom is helium with a radius of 32 pm, while one of the largest is caesium at 225 pm. Tin is a chemical element with atomic number 50 which means there are 50 protons and 50 electrons in the atomic structure. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth’s crust. Iron is a chemical element with atomic number 26 which means there are 26 protons and 26 electrons in the atomic structure. Cobalt is a chemical element with atomic number 27 which means there are 27 protons and 27 electrons in the atomic structure. Lead is widely used as a gamma shield. Lawrencium is a chemical element with atomic number 103 which means there are 103 protons and 103 electrons in the atomic structure. In nuclear industry, especially natural and artificial samarium 149 has an important impact on the operation of a nuclear reactor. Sodium is a chemical element with atomic number 11 which means there are 11 protons and 11 electrons in the atomic structure. Indium is a post-transition metal that makes up 0.21 parts per million of the Earth’s crust. The chemical symbol for Hafnium is Hf. The name xenon for this gas comes from the Greek word ξένον [xenon], neuter singular form of ξένος [xenos], meaning ‘foreign(er)’, ‘strange(r)’, or ‘guest’. Tellurium is far more common in the universe as a whole than on Earth. Hafnium’s large neutron capture cross-section makes it a good material for neutron absorption in control rods in nuclear power plants, but at the same time requires that it be removed from the neutron-transparent corrosion-resistant zirconium alloys used in nuclear reactors. Its physical and chemical properties are most similar to its heavier homologues strontium and barium. In nuclear industry cadmium is commonly used as a thermal neutron absorber due to very high neutron absorption cross-section of 113Cd. The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. One unified atomic mass unit is approximately the mass of one nucleon (either a single proton or neutron) and is numerically equivalent to 1 g/mol. On the atomic scale, physicists have found that quantum mechanics describes things very well on that scale. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. Rhodium is a rare, silvery-white, hard, corrosion resistant and chemically inert transition metal. 2 Oxygen: Density given for O at 0° Celsius. Beryllium is a hard, grayish metal naturally found in mineral rocks, coal, soil, and volcanic dust. The chemical symbol for Terbium is Tb. Mass was no longer considered unchangeable in the closed system. However, this assumes the atom to exhibit a spherical shape, which is only obeyed for atoms in vacuum or free space. The chemical symbol for Platinum is Pt. Radon is a radioactive, colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas. Uranium. The chemical symbol for Francium is Fr. Actinium is a chemical element with atomic number 89 which means there are 89 protons and 89 electrons in the atomic structure. Scandium is a chemical element with atomic number 21 which means there are 21 protons and 21 electrons in the atomic structure. Lutetium is a silvery white metal, which resists corrosion in dry air, but not in moist air. Use, The Conversions and Calculations web site. There are two reasons for the difference between mass number and isotopic mass, known as the mass defect: Note that, it was found the rest mass of an atomic nucleus is measurably smaller than the sum of the rest masses of its constituent protons, neutrons and electrons. The ninth member of the lanthanide series, terbium is a fairly electropositive metal that reacts with water, evolving hydrogen gas. Last accessed: 29 August 2020 (gestis-en.itrust.de). But its density pales by comparison to the densities of exotic astronomical objects such as white dwarf stars and neutron stars. Naturally occurring potassium is composed of three isotopes, of which 40K is radioactive. Iridium is a chemical element with atomic number 77 which means there are 77 protons and 77 electrons in the atomic structure. Thallium is a chemical element with atomic number 81 which means there are 81 protons and 81 electrons in the atomic structure. Units of measure have been defined for mass and energy on the atomic scale to make measurements more convenient to express. Tin is a post-transition metal in group 14 of the periodic table. The chemical symbol for Chromium is Cr. Samarium is a typical member of the lanthanide series, it is a moderately hard silvery metal that readily oxidizes in air. Its abundance in rocky planets like Earth is due to its abundant production by fusion in high-mass stars. The density of Hassium results from its high atomic weight and from the significant decrease in ionic radii of the elements in the lanthanide series, known as lanthanide and actinide contraction. Rising temperatures make the liquid expand in a liquid-in-tube thermometer and bend bimetallic strips. Mercury is commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum. Dysprosium is used for its high thermal neutron absorption cross-section in making control rods in nuclear reactors, for its high magnetic susceptibility in data storage applications.

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