Let's take the first character h and break down the process. For instance, using a 32-bit format, 16 bits may be used for the integer and 16 for the fraction. The computer uses electricity, not mechanical parts, for its data processing and storage. Data can be done manually using a pen and paper, mechanically using simple devices eg typewritter or electronically using modern dat processing toolseg computers Data collection involves getting the data/facts needed for processing from the point of its origin to the computer Once the ASCII value is known that value can be converted into binary. The form will depend on the processing machine. Data processing is the conversion of data into usable and desired form. Those 1’s and 0’s, or the switches I mentioned above, are how your computer stores and processes data. Computers convert text and other data into binary by using an assigned ASCII value. It is only after processing by a computer that data takes on a context and becomes information. This conversion or “processing” is carried out using a predefined sequence of operations either manually or automatically. When bit is uttered, the person using it is trying to define the binary digit contraction—an item that can only hold a 0 or 1. Most of the processing is done by using computers and thus done automatically. Modern day computers use binary numbers to operate—this is a fact well-known to people studying computer science or to those using these machines on a more than frequent basis. Data processing consists of the following basic steps - input, processing, and output. Introduction. The trick is to take all of the real-world sound, picture, number etc data that we want in the computer and convert it into the kind of data that can be represented in switches, as shown in Figure 1. In the following example, we take the word hope, and show how it is converted into binary that the computer understands. So a user would see a certain light switched on to indicate a certain kind of output or message from the computer. Data can be input to the computer by the user in many different ways. Data procesing refers to the transformating raw data into meaningful output. Digitizing data storage lets you store large volumes of data in less space than paper would take up. Back in the day when the very first computers were built, they had actual lights bulbs to provide outputs to their users. The number of bits needed for the precision and range desired must be chosen to store the fractional and integer parts of a number. These three steps constitute the data processing cycle. Figure 1: Representing Real-World Data In The Computer: Computers Are Electronic Machines. Input − In this step, the input data is prepared in some convenient form for processing. Electronic data storage makes the data you’re storing easy to search and use. A top-quality electronic data storage and document management system also lets you go beyond simply storing the data. There are many types of data; All data ends up being stored as a series of numbers inside the computer.

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