Recognising that infrastructure is largely private sector funded and operated, it sets out how Governments can assist others in realising an infrastructure network able to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Climate Resilient Infrastructure: Preparing for a Changing Climate (2011) Presently, the design standards for building infrastructure are based on historic climate data. The Govern… The European Climate Adaptation Platform Climate-ADAPT is a partnership between the European Commission and the European Environment Agency. Data, tools, and information need to be widely accessible, equitable, and relevant to different types of decision-makers in different settings. It is designed to catalyse action to adapt infrastructure in the energy, ICT, transport and water sectors (infrastructure networks). This includes changing conditions (e.g., rainfall, temperature, and sea ice) and the impacts of climate change across Canada. The recommended measures towards this are: Riya Rahiman is an environmental planner and civil engineer by training. Her expertise revolves around research and policy to foster sustainable, low-carbon, resilient and liveable cities. Climate change affects a broad spectrum of functions, infrastructure, and services and is responsible for compounding and aggravating the existing non-climatic stresses, such as urbanisation, migration, water demand, sanitation, etc. The Climate Lens is a horizontal requirement applicable to Infrastructure Canada's Investing in Canada Infrastructure Program (ICIP), Disaster Mitigation and Adaptation … Current design standards for building infrastructure are based on outdated, historic climate data. The document is linked to wider UK Government work on infrastructure, in particular the Government’s National Infrastructure Plan. Apart from this, the lack of enabling policies and appropriate financial mechanisms to integrate climate concerns in infrastructure development further adds to the predicament. The lack of climate data for adopting appropriate adaptation measures and applying to design standards for infrastructure is a challenge that impedes the development of climate resilient infrastructure. The document highlights important themes such as: the risk climate change presents to infrastructure interdependencies; adaptation investment; and potential economic opportunities. She works on urbanisation challenges with respect to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Climate Resilience Principles In October 2018, the Climate Bonds Initiative convened the Adaptation and Resilience Expert Group (AREG) to design a set of principles that would guide the integration of criteria for climate adaptation and resilience into the Climate Bonds Standard. The impacts of climate change go way beyond these direct physical risks as the damage of infrastructure and property further impacts economic growth. Climate change is happening at an increasingly rapid pace and will modify long-term climatic averages, and the frequency and intensity of extreme events. (The formal, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) definition of resilience is the “capacity of social, economic, and environmental systems to cope with a hazardous event or trend or disturbance, responding or reorganizing in ways that maintain their essential function, identity, and structure, while also maintaining the capacity for adaptation, learning, and transformation.”) Planning and investing in climate resilient infrastructure makes good business sense as it prevents inefficiencies and cost of retrofitting infrastructure, while reducing the vulnerability of cities. that are designed to last fifty years or more. Countries across the globe are experiencing the growing intensity and frequency of extreme climate events, with catastrophic impacts on infrastructure. To this end, it is important to re-examine the planning, design, operations, maintenance, and management of infrastructure, to meet the emerging demands of the changing climate. Climate change today manifests itself through weather anomalies and extreme weather events which pose direct physical risks to people, assets, and infrastructure. Translating knowledge into action takes leadership, skilled people, and resources. Alongside the transition to a low carbon society, increasing infrastructure’s resilience to climate change impacts is a high priority to help protect the economy and its future growth. Additionally, given that infrastructure investments have an economic life expectancy of 30 years or more, it is imperative to realise that the infrastructure is sensitive not only to the prevailing climatic conditions but also to future climate variations during its entire life cycle. As climate change impacts become more severe, cities and communities are seeking to become more resilient.

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