Commonly, you can find two types of cardamom: Green (originating in India and Sri Lanka) and black (in Nepal and Himalayan states of India). The pods are used as a spice, in a similar manner to the green Indian cardamom pods, but with a different flavour. Plan on watering more during these months. If you’re transplanting the seedlings, plant them 1-inch-deep and 10 inches apart. Start as many cardamom seeds as you like, but plant them about 1 inch (2.5 cm) apart in the container so you can thin and transplant them once they start growing. Yes, you can grow cardamom in pots. Cardamom grows well in the US Department of Agricultural zones 10 through 12, which includes the very bottom of Florida and the coasts of Southern California. Plant a few cardamom seeds indoors and let them grow for a few months so they sprout above the soil. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Cardamom grows naturally on the hot and humid jungle floors of Southeast Asia, but they can be grown in the US if the climate is right. Unlike green cardamom, this spice is rarely used in sweet dishes. Black cardamom has a pungent aroma with a citrus and eucalyptus flavor. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. If the plant's leaves turn brown, it's getting too much sunlight, so consider transplanting it to a shadier spot. The largest producer of the black cardamom is Nepal, followed by India and Bhutan. Its seed pods have a strong, camphor-like flavour, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying. Cardamom plants will continue to produce more cardamom seeds every year. Cardamom grows well in the US Department of Agricultural zones 10 through 12, which includes the very bottom of Florida and the coasts of Southern California. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to harvest your cardamom, read on! Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. It stimulates the … This article has been viewed 93,630 times. Cardamom grows naturally on the hot and humid jungle floors of Southeast Asia, but they can be grown in the US if the climate is right. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. https://www.webindia123.com/garden/herb_spi/cardamom.htm, https://balconygardenweb.com/how-to-grow-cardamom-growing-cardamom-elaichi/, https://www.bhg.com/gardening/yard/soil/what-is-well-drained-soil/, https://www.agrifarming.in/cardamom-farming/, https://www.gardenista.com/posts/spice-kit-how-to-grow-ginger-turmeric-cardamom-at-home/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Cardamom also prefers temperatures between 64 °F (18 °C) and 95 °F (35 °C). Choose somewhere with partial or full shade. To add nutrients back to the soil, you'll also need to spread aged manure or compost once a year. Tip: Heavy rain will wash away fertilizer, so wait to apply it until after a storm or heavy rain. 2. Avoid planting seeds too deep since they may not sprout if they don’t get adequate sun. If you are suffering from serious respiratory troubles, black cardamom can be a great antidote for you. ", "Added this into my bookmark. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. In traditional Chinese medicine, black cardamom is used for stomach disorders and malaria. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 93,630 times. It takes about 30-45 days to germinate cardamom seeds so they poke through the soil, and it takes about 90 days for the seedlings to grow large enough to be able to survive being transplanted outside. The pods have a tough, dried, wrinkly skin, are roughly one inch in length, and house small, sticky, dark-colored seeds. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. This article has been viewed 93,630 times. Approved. It grows in pods on an herbaceous plant belonging to the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family. Health benefits of Black Cardamom 1. In this case, 93% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. This perennial flowering plant produces seed pods that are often dried over an open flame, giving them a roasted and savory spiciness, quite different from the slightly sweet flavor of green cardamom. As the cardamom grows, you can tie the plant to the stake. Spray the plant's leaves with water if the tips turn brown. The stalks will grow rows of bright green leaves that are about 2 inches (5.1 cm) long. Ensure you don't spray too much water or the roots may begin to rot. Some plants may take up to 4-5 years until they bloom. Keep the soil moist as they grow. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Choose as large of a pot as you can so the cardamom has plenty of space to grow. The cardamom plants will need even more water during the summer when they're growing the fruit. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. In Hindi it is called बड़ी इलाइची (baḍī ilāichī). Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: Part I. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Black_cardamom&oldid=990970819, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles with disputed statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 15:45. Tewari D, Mocan A, Parvanov ED, Sah AN, Nabavi SM, Huminiecki L, Ma ZF, Lee YY, Horbańczuk JO, Atanasov AG. In Hindi it is called बड़ी इलाइची (baḍī ilāichī). References Cardamom is harvested 5 or 6 times throughout 1 harvest year. Thanks! Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Wait 35 to 45 days in between each picking, so more of the cardamom can ripen. Black cardamom is considered quite beneficial for gastro-intestinal tract. Respiration. ", "Following this article I was encouraged to start planting. Once the cardamom is planted in the soil outside, it takes about 2-3 years before you can harvest their fruit, and some plants can even take up to 4-5 years. There are 15 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Although the plants flower early in the year, wait to begin harvesting until October or November, so the cardamom can ripen. Amomum subulatum, also known as Black cardamom, hill cardamom,[1] Bengal cardamom,[1] greater cardamom,[1] Indian cardamom,[1] Nepal cardamom,[1] winged cardamom,[1] big cardamon,[2][3] or brown cardamom, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family Zingiberaceae. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Digestion. Buy the seeds from local gardening supply stores or from online agricultural supply companies. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Cardamom is one of the most expensive and unique spices in the world. The ideal soil for cardamom is loamy with a pH level between 4.5 and 7. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to harvest your cardamom, read on! Cardamom is one of the most expensive spices in the world, but fortunately, you can grow your own if you live in a hot, humid climate. [dubious – discuss] In the traditional medicine of India, decoction of Amomum subulatum rhizomes is used in the therapy of jaundice.[5]. Its smoky flavour and aroma derive from traditional methods of drying over open flames.

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