Since attainment to such inward affair, namely faith, is not so facile, the blessed Verse treats of its tokens distinguishing believers from Muslims, the sincere from the lying, and those who enthusiastically answered to the Noble Prophet’s (S) Call from those who pretended belief in order to achieve worldly possessions, saying that true believers are solely those who believe in God Almighty and His Messenger (S) and entertain no doubt but struggle with their lives and possessions in the Cause of Allah. Indeed, they are disobedient to Allah.”)17. Consequently, one has to fortify the pillars of faith in order to attain to such great reward. We have created you from a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that you may know one another.”, ‘Creation of mankind from a male and a female’. Now, we have come to see whether he conveyed the truth. The law legislated by people like us? Therefore, acknowledging and acting upon social customs or secular laws and regulations which are not based upon the Holy Qur’an, traditions of the Noble Prophet (S) and the Infallible Imams (as), and human intellect and his natural and innate disposition (fitra) are all instances of making decisions in advance before God Almighty and His Messenger (S). The Commander of the Faithful, Imam ‘Ali (as) said: “Interpret the deeds of your brother in the best possible manner such that what he does pleases you. It goes without saying that visiting the Noble Prophet (S) stands second to acting upon the rules mentioned herein concerning the Noble Prophet of Islam (S), since recitation is at all times a prelude to practice. It is evident that the former results in rendering one’s good deeds fruitless, since disbelief leads to the same. In other words, Muslims are not supposed to be content with shattering the power of the wrong-doing tribe, but their fight should serve as a prelude to peace and eradication of the causes of contention and conflict; otherwise, the wrong-doer will shortly resume the conflicts as soon as he feels competent enough to embark upon the same. Thus, addressed to believers, the blessed Verse in question is saying that you who believe should abstain from deriding your believing brethren. They regard as a favor to you that they have converted to Islam. If he were to yield to you in many matters, you would surely suffer ˹the consequences˺. It may be committed for consultation; for instance it may aim at choosing a spouse, business partner, and colleague. Abstaining from committing any sin including abandonment of carrying out obligations and committing sins. The fourth Verse of the Chapter treats of the rooms of the Noble Prophet’s (S) house, hence the designation Hujurat (“rooms”). Nay, but Allah has conferred a favor upon you that He has guided you to the faith if you indeed are truthful.18. Imam Sadiq (as) said: “Pure blood is preserved through conversion to the Islamic faith and marrying Muslims becomes lawful as well, but the reward in the Hereafter will be bestowed based on heart-felt faith.”63. Confidentiality in providing consultation is a certain Islamic precept necessitating that the defects of the person are to be expressed, lest a Muslim may be ensnared and talking behind someone’s back for this purpose does not involve committing unlawful acts. The token of true faith is perseverance and doubtlessness regarding the same; (“And then doubt not but strive with their possessions and their lives for the Cause of Allah”). By no means, [since] you would hate it. Restraining one’s self from entanglement in what preoccupies the mind and keeps man from remembrance of God Almighty. A group of Banu Tamim derided some the Companions of the Noble Prophet (S), including ‘Ammar, Khabbab, Balal, Salman, Suhayb, and Abu Darda’; as a consequence of which the blessed Verse in question was revealed forbidding them to deride believers saying that they are outwardly poor, but inwardly they may be better than deriders. A validation e-mail has been sent to your e-mail address. Mention will be herein made of a number of meaningful traditions narrated in this respect: “Muslims are brethren, they never do wrong to each other, they never forgo supporting each other, they never abandon their brethren in hardships.”, “Muslims are brethren and serves as each other’s eye and guide. And spy not [on others], neither backbite one another. It would be so pleasant to live in a society in which such moral precepts are precisely acted upon. Compare whatever you hear concerning me against the Holy Qur’an and my traditions (sunna). يَا أيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ وَلَآ تَجَسَّسُوا وَلَآ يَغْتَب بَّعْضُكُم بَعْضًا أيُحِبُّ أحَدُكُمْ أن يَأكُلَ لَحْمَ أخِيهِ مَيْتًا فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ رَّحِيمٌ. Render them aid and support whether they be wrong-doers or wronged such that keep them from doing wrong and help them to reclaim their rights when they are wronged. If an evil-doer comes to you with important news, verify it, lest you should harm people in ignorance [out of haste in belief and making decision], and afterwards you become regretful for what you have done”). Since fear of God Almighty is the fruit of the tree of faith, the faith penetrating the depth of heart, the blessed Verse in question deals with the truth of faith, saying: “The Bedouin Arabs say: ‘We believe.’ Say: ‘You believe not but you only say: ‘We have submitted [to the Will of Allah],’ for faith has not yet penetrated your hearts.’”. At any rate, the blessed Verse makes a reference to the pious whose characteristics includes speaking softly in the presence of the Noble Prophet (S) and never raise their voices above that of the Noble Prophet (S), since his exalted state and grandeur have penetrated in their hearts such that they are so modest that they never raise their voices before him but they lower them. The aforesaid Qur’anic Verses clearly indicate that fear of God is the same feeling of obligation and duty which follows the penetration of faith in heart, predominating his existence, impeding him from committing impiety and sin, calls him to good, purity, and justice, and purifying his thought and intention from impurities.

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